Tonino Alonzi

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The binding of cytokines to the gp130 receptor activates the STAT3, MEK/MAPK, and PI3K/Akt signalling pathways. To assess the relative importance of these pathways in promoting the survival of cytokine-dependent neurons, we conditionally inactivated STAT3 in mice and inhibited MEK, PI3K, and Akt in cultured neurons using pharmacological reagents and by(More)
We generated mice carrying a STAT3 allele amenable to Cre-mediated deletion and intercrossed them with Mx-Cre transgenic mice, in which the expression of Cre recombinase can be induced by type I interferon. Interferon-induced deletion of STAT3 occurred very efficiently (more than 90%) in the liver and slightly less efficiently (about 70%) in the bone(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is overproduced in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and, based on its multiple stimulatory effects on cells of the immune system and on vascular endothelia, osteoclasts, and synovial fibroblasts, is believed to participate in the development and clinical manifestations of this disease. In this study we have analysed(More)
Stunted growth is a major complication of chronic inflammation and recurrent infections in children. Systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by markedly elevated circulating levels of IL-6 and stunted growth. In this study we found that NSE/hIL-6 transgenic mouse lines expressing high levels of circulating(More)
Growing evidence suggests that aberrant production of inflammatory cytokines within the central nervous system (CNS) contributes to the development of pathological conditions. To test the cause-effect relationship between the overproduction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the CNS and the onset of neuropathological changes, we have generated transgenic mice in(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a coordinated process, occurring both during morphogenesis and tumor progression, that allows epithelial cells to dissociate from initial contacts and migrate to secondary sites. The transcriptional repressors of the Snail family induce EMT in different epithelial cell lines and their expression is strictly(More)
Stunted growth is a common complication of childhood diseases characterized by chronic inflammation or infections. We previously demonstrated that NSE/hIL-6 transgenic mice, overexpressing the inflammatory cytokine IL-6 since early phase of life, showed a marked growth defect associated with decreased IGF-I levels, suggesting that IL-6 is one of the factors(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) pathways play a role in genome defence and have been extensively studied, yet how repetitive elements in the genome are identified is still unclear. It has been suggested that they may produce aberrant transcripts (aRNA) that are converted by an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) into double-stranded RNA (dsRNA),(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Autophagy is a lysosome-mediated catabolic process that mediates degradation and recycling of all major components of eukaryotic cells. Different stresses, including viral and bacterial infection, induce autophagy, which can promote cell survival by removing the stress inducer or by attenuating its dangerous effects. High levels of(More)
Signaling through Janus kinases (JAKs) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) is central to the responses to the majority of cytokines and some growth factors, including the interferons (IFNs) and the IL-6 family of cytokines. The biological responses to stimulation through the widely distributed IL-6 and IFN-gamma receptors are,(More)