Tonia Robb

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Strains of dengue 3 (DEN-3) virus circulating in Thailand prior to 1992 appear to have disappeared from that location and to have been replaced by two new lineages which have evolved locally, rather than being introduced. Similar DEN-3 virus extinctions may have occurred previously in Thailand in 1962 and 1973. Although no causal relationship could be(More)
BACKGROUND Insects can resist parasites using the costly process of melanotic encapsulation. This form of physiological resistance has been studied under laboratory conditions, but the abiotic and biotic factors affecting resistance in natural insect populations are not well understood. Mite parasitism of damselflies was studied in a temperate damselfly(More)
BACKGROUND To understand variation in resistance to parasites within host populations, researchers have examined conditions under which immunity is induced and/or is costly. Both host sex and age have been found to influence immune expression and subsequently are likely factors influencing the costs of resistance. The purpose of this study was to examine(More)
Hosts often differ in their degree of parasitism and their expression of resistance. Yet very little is known about how the availability (and allocation) of resources to parasites at pre-infective stages influences their success in initiating parasitism, or in inducing and succumbing to resistance from hosts. We studied a damselfly-mite association to(More)
A solid-phase radioimmunoassay is described for detection of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody. The assay uses a two-site (antigen and antibody) immunoadsorbent capable of binding antigen and antibody. Antigen is detected by enhanced binding of [125U]antibody through sandwich formations of antibody--antigens--[125I]antibody on the immunoadsorbent.(More)
Animals immunized with hapten-protein conjugates subsequently circulate high concentrations of hapten bound by antibody. The levels of hapten detected are capable of significantly reducing antibody titer in the sera immunized animals. In the case of steroid-protein conjugates, the main source of increased plasma steroid concentration is the immunizing(More)
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