Tonia M. Young-Fadok

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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine rates of complications and extent of benefits for laparoscopic-assisted colectomy compared with open colectomy in patients older than age 75. METHODS Forty-two patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (1992-1998) were matched to 42 open colectomy patients for gender, age, year of surgery, operating(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare single-incision laparoscopic colectomy (SILC) to multiport laparoscopic colectomy (MLC) when performed by experienced laparoscopic surgeons. BACKGROUND Recent case reports and single institution series have demonstrated the feasibility of SILC. Few comparative studies for MLC and SILC have been reported. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To determine accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for evaluation of Crohn's disease perianal fistulas. METHODS Thirty-four patients with suspected Crohn's disease perianal fistulas were prospectively enrolled in a blinded study comparing EUS, MRI, and examination under anesthesia (EUA). Fistulas(More)
PURPOSE We have previously shown that intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) can reduce dose to small bowel, bladder, and bone marrow compared with three-field conventional radiotherapy (CRT) technique in the treatment of rectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to review our experience using IMRT to treat rectal cancer and report patient clinical(More)
AIM The aim was to determine whether the use of steroids, immunosuppressive agents, or infliximab prior to abdominal surgery for Crohn's disease is associated with an increased rate of early postoperative complications. METHODS All patients who underwent abdominal surgery for Crohn's disease between October 1998 and December 2001 were identified. Medical(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are required for normal intestinal motility. ICC are found throughout the human colon and are decreased in the sigmoid colon of patients with slow transit constipation. AIMS The aims of this study were to determine the normal distribution of ICC within the human colon and to determine if ICC are decreased(More)
Laparoscopic colorectal procedures are considered to be technically challenging, and there is a lack of consensus regarding the magnitude of their benefits. The laparoscopic approach is generally held to be more expensive. Using a model of a single procedure performed for a single indication (ileocolic resection for Crohn’s disease [CD]), we set out to(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the true benefits of laparoscopic-assisted colectomy by comparing clinical outcomes from a series of laparoscopic right colectomies with matched open colectomies, all performed for the singular indication of polyp not amenable to colonoscopic removal. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective case-matched study was performed of consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The cause of slow-transit constipation is incompletely understood. Recent observations suggest a central role for interstitial cells of Cajal in the control of intestinal motility. The aim of this study was to determine the volume of interstitial cells of Cajal in the normal sigmoid colon and in the sigmoid colon from patients with slow(More)
PURPOSE Functional outcomes in laparoscopic-assisted ileal pouch-anal anastomosis have been incompletely studied. More than one-year follow-up has rarely been reported in these patients. This study was designed to assess operative, functional, and quality of life outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis a minimum of one(More)