Toni Williamson

Learn More
Alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonists have been shown to have neuroprotective effects in stroke models and although clinical trials with some agents are still ongoing, published results have not been favourable. We therefore wished to compare the effects of GYKI 52466, GYKI 53405, EGIS-8332 and EGIS-10608,(More)
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) inhibitors have therapeutic potential for the treatment of psychiatric and neurologic disorders, such as schizophrenia and Huntington's disease. One of the key requirements for successful central nervous system drug development is to demonstrate target coverage of therapeutic candidates in brain for lead optimization in the(More)
A series of potent hydroxyethyl amine (HEA) derived inhibitors of β-site APP cleaving enzyme (BACE1) was optimized to address suboptimal pharmacokinetics and poor CNS partitioning. This work identified a series of benzodioxolane analogues that possessed improved metabolic stability and increased oral bioavailability. Subsequent efforts focused on improving(More)
We have previously shown that hydroxyethylamines can be potent inhibitors of the BACE1 enzyme and that the generation of BACE1 inhibitors with CYP 3A4 inhibitory activities in this scaffold affords compounds (e.g., 1) with sufficient bioavailability and pharmacokinetic profiles to reduce central amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) levels in wild-type rats following oral(More)
β-Secretase inhibitors are potentially disease-modifying treatments for Alzheimer's disease. Previous efforts in our laboratory have resulted in hydroxyethylamine-derived inhibitors such as 1 with low nanomolar potency against β-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE). When dosed intravenously, compound 1 was also shown to significantly reduce(More)
Sequential proteolytic cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) and the γ-secretase complex produces the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), which is believed to play a critical role in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aspartyl protease BACE1 catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the production of Aβ, and as(More)
γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs) are potentially disease-modifying treatments for Alzheimer's disease. They selectively lower pathogenic Aβ42 levels by shifting the enzyme cleavage sites without inhibiting γ-secretase activity, possibly avoiding known adverse effects observed with complete inhibition of the enzyme complex. A cell-based HTS effort identified(More)
4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine (NOP) is a powerful direct-acting mutagen which demonstrates significant enhancement in mutagenicity when exposed to plant enzymatic systems. Evidence implicating the involvement of peroxidactic oxidation in NOP activation has been obtained from plant-cell suspension and isolated enzyme experiments. Using selected cytochrome P450(More)
2,2'-Pyridylisatogen tosylate (PIT) is both an allosteric modulator of P2Y receptors, and an immine oxide, acting as a spin trap for free radicals. PIT (10 mg kg(-1), i.p.) was found to be a powerful neuroprotective agent in protecting against the lesions induced by 15 micro g S-bromo-willardiine injected into the cortex or white matter of 5-day-old mice(More)