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We hypothesized that a discrete medullary locus, critical for gasping neurogenesis, could be identified. In decerebrate, cerebellectomized, vagotomized, paralyzed, and ventilated cats, activities of phrenic, hypoglossal, and recurrent laryngeal nerves were monitored. Gasping was induced by freezing the brain stem, via a fork thermode, at the pontomedullary(More)
Our purpose was to evaluate the hypothesis that neurons in the lateral tegmental field of the medulla comprise a pattern generator for neurogenesis of gasping. Stimulations in this area produced changes characteristic of pattern generators in other systems. These included shifts in gasping rhythm and refractory periods for eliciting gasps; the latter varied(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess acute respiratory effects experienced by wildland firefighters. METHODS We studied two Interagency Hotshot Crews with questionnaires, spirometry, and measurement of albumin, eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) as indicators of inflammation in sputum and nasal lavage fluid. Assessments were made preseason,(More)
Effects of systemically administered protriptyline and diazepam on the respiratory activity of the phrenic, hypoglossal, and recurrent laryngeal nerves were investigated in vagotomized, decerebrate cats. Both hypoglossal and recurrent laryngeal nerve activities were consistently increased after protriptyline administration, whereas the phrenic nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE Severe airways obstruction and bronchiolitis obliterans have been reported in microwave popcorn production workers and attributed to inhalation of flavoring agents. We investigated whether exposure to flavoring agents is associated with airways inflammation in popcorn production workers. METHODS Fifty-nine workers with high exposures and 22(More)
Diisocyanates (dNCOs) used in industrial applications are well known low molecular weight allergens. Occupational exposure is associated with adverse health outcomes including allergic sensitization and occupational asthma. In this study, we report the production and initial characterization of a dNCO-hapten specific murine IgM monoclonal antibody (mAb).(More)
The effect of exposure to diesel exhaust particulate (DEP) on bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) lung infection in mice was studied. C57Bl/6J female mice were infected with BCG (2.5 x 104 bacteria/mouse) by intrapulmonary instillation, with or without coadministration of DEP (100 microg/mouse). Five weeks later, mice exposed to DEP + BCG had about a four-fold(More)
Diisocyanates (dNCOs) are low molecular weight chemical sensitizers that react with autologous proteins to produce neoantigens. dNCO-haptenated proteins have been used as immunogens for generation of dNCO-specific antibodies and as antigens to screen for dNCO-specific antibodies in exposed individuals. Detection of dNCO-specific antibodies in exposed(More)
We hypothesized that rhythmic respiratory-related activity could be generated in pons independent of medullary mechanisms. In decerebrate, cerebellectomized, vagotomized, paralyzed, and ventilated cats, we recorded efferent activities of the phrenic nerve and mylohyoid branch of the trigeminal nerve. Following transections of the brain stem at the(More)
This study aimed to characterise the relationship between adverse health outcomes and occupational risk factors among workers at a soy processing plant. A questionnaire, spirometry, methacholine challenge, immune testing and air sampling for dust and soy were offered. Prevalence ratios (PRs) of respiratory problems from comparisons with the US adult(More)