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Fringe-projection-based (FPB) three-dimensional (3D) imaging technique has become one of the most prevalent methods for 3D shape measurement and 3D image acquisition, and an essential component of the technique is the calibration process. This paper presents a framework for hyper-accurate system calibration with flexible setup and inexpensive hardware.(More)
A review of the impacts of deicers used in winter maintenance practices of Portland cement concrete and asphalt concrete roadways and airport pavements is presented. Traditional and relatively new deicers are incorporated in this review, including sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, calcium magnesium acetate, potassium acetate, potassium(More)
Form, texture, and angularity are among the properties of aggregates that have a significant effect on the performance of hot-mix asphalt, hydraulic cement concrete, and unbound base and subbase layers. Imaging techniques have provided a good means to quantify aggregate shape properties rapidly in spite of the fact that they might differ in the mathematical(More)
Asphalt binders in service conditions are subject to oxidative aging that involves the reactions between oxygen molecules and the component species of bulk asphalt. As a result, significant alterations can occur to the desired physical and/or mechanical properties of asphalt. A common practice to alleviate asphalt aging has been to employ different chemical(More)
Among the various corrosion protection strategies for structural steels, coating techniques provide the most cost-effective protection and have been used as the primary mode of corrosion protection. Existing coating techniques however have been used mainly for their barrier capability and therefore all have a limited service life due to oxidation aging,(More)
Lignins are complex phenolic polymers with limited industrial uses. To identify new applications of lignins, this study aims to evaluate the conifer alcohol lignin as a potential antioxidant for hydrocarbons, using the petroleum asphalt as an example. Using the ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) method, the evaluation is accomplished by tracking the(More)
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