Tongming Liu

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The determination and maintenance of the cell fate is ultimately due to differential gene activity. In the mouse, expression of the transcription factor Oct4 is high in totipotent inner cell mass, germ cells and undifferentiated embryonic stem (ES) cells, but dramatically reduced or extinct upon differentiation. Here, we show that medaka blastula embryos(More)
Spermatogonia are the male germ stem cells that continuously produce sperm for the next generation. Spermatogenesis is a complicated process that proceeds through mitotic phase of stem cell renewal and differentiation, meiotic phase, and postmeiotic phase of spermiogenesis. Full recapitulation of spermatogenesis in vitro has been impossible, as generation(More)
Microcystin-LR, a specific and potent hepatotoxin, was tested for its effects on loach embryo-larval and juvenile development. The results of this study showed that loach embryos were more sensitive when exposed to microcystin-LR at a later than at an earlier stage of development. Juveniles were far less sensitive to MC-LR than were embryos and larvae.(More)
The influence of DNA base sequence context on the removal of a bulky benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-guanine adduct, (+)-trans-B[a]P-N2-dG (G*), by UvrABC nuclease from the thermophilic organism Bacillus caldotenax was investigated. The lesion was flanked by either T or C in otherwise identical complementary 43-mer duplexes (TG*T or CG*C, respectively). It was(More)
Sperm nuclear transfer or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a powerful assisted reproductive technology (ART) for treating human male infertility. Controversial reports of increased birth defects have raised concerns about the ART's safety. The cause for birth defects, however, has remained elusive for analysis in human because of the sample size,(More)
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