Learn More
BACKGROUND E (epithelial)-cadherin, the cell adhesion molecule also considered a potential invasion/metastasis suppressor, is mutationally inactivated in nearly half of all undifferentiated-scattered (diffuse-type) gastric carcinomas. In addition, silencing of E-cadherin by CpG methylation within its promoter region has been reported in several gastric(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is a subtle distinction between sporadic colorectal adenomas and cancers (SAC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated dysplasias and cancers. However, this distinction is clinically important because sporadic adenomas are usually managed by polypectomy alone, whereas IBD-related high-grade dysplasias mandate subtotal(More)
cDNAmicroarrays, combined with bioinformatics analyses, are becomingincreasingly used in current medical research. Existing analytic methods,particularly those that are unsupervised, often have difficulty recognizing subtle differences among predefined subgroups. In contrast, supervised methods, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), are able to(More)
Twelve to 15% of sporadic colorectal cancers display defective DNA mismatch repair (MMR), manifested as microsatellite instability (MSI). In this group of cancers, promoter hypermethylation of the MMR gene hMLH1 is strongly associated with, and believed to be the cause of, MSI. A subset of colorectal neoplastic lesions arising in inflammatory bowel disease(More)
The E2F group of transcription factors transactivates genes that promote progression through the G1-S transition of the cell cycle. Members of the retinoblastoma (Rb) family of proteins bind to E2Fs and inhibit this function. E2F-4, one example of the E2F group, functions as an oncogene when transfected into nontransformed cells in vitro. On the other hand,(More)
cDNA microarrays, combined with bioinformatics analyses, are becoming increasingly used in current medical research. Existing analytic methods , particularly those that are unsupervised, often have difficulty recognizing subtle differences among predefined subgroups. In contrast, supervised methods, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), are able to(More)
The insulin-like growth factor II receptor (IGFIIR) gene has been identified as a coding region target of microsatellite instability in human gastrointestinal (GI) tumors. IGFIIR normally has two growth-suppressive functions: it binds and stimulates the plasmin-mediated cleavage and activation of the latent transforming growth factor-beta1 (LTGF-beta1)(More)
Apolipoprotein B plays a central role in lipoprotein metabolism. Many studies have evaluated the association between Apolipoprotein B gene polymorphisms (XbaI, EcoRI, SpIns/Del, MspI) and the risk for coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. However, the results remain inconsistent, particularly among different populations. To more precisely(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver-related mortality. Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is frequently associated with disturbances in iron homeostasis, with serum iron and hepatic iron stores being elevated. Accumulating evidence indicates that chronic HCV infection suppresses expression of hepatic hepcidin, a key mediator of iron(More)