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Superoxide and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) originate from several natural sources and profoundly influence numerous elemental cycles, including carbon and trace metals. In the deep ocean, the permanent absence of light precludes currently known ROS sources, yet ROS production mysteriously occurs. Here, we show that taxonomically and ecologically(More)
The reactive oxygen species superoxide (O2·-) is both beneficial and detrimental to life. Within corals, superoxide may contribute to pathogen resistance but also bleaching, the loss of essential algal symbionts. Yet, the role of superoxide in coral health and physiology is not completely understood owing to a lack of direct in situ observations. By(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an oxidant and reductant of redox active metals and a potential source of strong oxidants such as the hydroxyl radical (·OH). H2O2 production in freshwater has been largely attributed to photo-oxidation of chromophoric dissolved organic matter, while its decay has been linked to enzymatic processes as well as to chemical(More)
Mercury (Hg) is a toxic heavy metal that poses significant environmental and human health risks. Soils and sediments, where Hg can exist as the Hg sulfide mineral metacinnabar (β-HgS), represent major Hg reservoirs in aquatic environments. Metacinnabar has historically been considered a sink for Hg in all but severely acidic environments, and thus(More)
The generalized varying coefficient partially linear model with growing number of predictors arises in many contemporary scientific endeavor. In this paper we set foot on both theoretical and practical sides of profile likelihood estimation and inference. When the number of parameters grows with sample size, the existence and asymptotic normality of the(More)
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