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Previous studies have demonstrated that in the hippocampus the maintenance of long-term potentiation (LTP) requires de novo protein synthesis. To investigate the role of protein synthesis in the maintenance of LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn, which may be relevant to hyperalgesia, protein synthesis inhibitor (either(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the differences of regional grey matter volume between adults with persistent developmental stuttering and fluent speaking adults, and to determine whether stutterers have anomalous anatomy of speech-relevant brain areas that possibly affect speech fluency. METHODS High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning was(More)
Compelling evidence has shown that in hippocampus tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) at pathological concentration inhibits long-term potentiation (LTP), a synaptic model of learning and memory. In the present work we investigated the role of TNF-alpha in LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn, which is relevant to pathological(More)
Compelling evidence shows that the adjacent uninjured primary afferents play an important role in the development of neuropathic pain after nerve injury. The underlying mechanisms, however, are largely unknown. In the present study, the selective motor fiber injury was performed by L5 ventral root transection (L5 VRT), and p38 activation in dorsal root(More)
Several lines of evidence have shown that in some brain regions brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is important for long-term potentiation (LTP), a synaptic model of memory storage. In the present work we evaluate the role of BDNF in LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn, a synaptic model of pain memory. We found that spinal(More)
Many studies have shown that adenosine triphosphate (ATP), as a neurotransmitter, is involved in plastic changes of synaptic transmission in central nervous system. In the present study, we tested whether extracellular ATP can induce long-term potentiation (LTP) of C-fiber-evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn. The results showed the following: (1)(More)
Previous studies have shown that Src-family kinases (SFKs) are selectively activated in spinal microglia following peripheral nerve injury and the activated SFKs play a key role for the development of neuropathic pain. To investigate the underlying mechanism, in the present study the effect of SFKs on long-term potentiation (LTP) at C-fiber synapses in(More)
Previous works have shown that activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) pathway is essential for long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampus. In the present study, the role of the ERK/CREB pathway in LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn, which is relevant to pathologic(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) of C-fiber-evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn may be relevant to hyperalgesia, an increased response to noxious stimulation. The mechanism underlying this form of synaptic plasticity is, however, still unclear. Considerable evidence has shown that calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), protein kinase(More)
The benzodiazepine diazepam impairs memory and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. Here, we investigate the effect of diazepam on LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials in spinal dorsal horn, which is relevant to pathological pain. LTP of C-fiber evoked field potentials was recorded in the superficial layers of spinal dorsal horn in(More)