Learn More
Human gastric carcinoma shows a higher prevalence of microsatellite instability (MSI) than does any other type of sporadic human cancer. The reasons for this high frequency of MSI are not yet known. In contrast to endometrial and colorectal carcinoma, mutations of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes hMLH1 or hMSH2 have not been described in gastric(More)
In order to identify and contrast global gene expression profiles defining the premalignant syndrome, Barrett's esophagus, as well as frank esophageal cancer, we utilized cDNA microarray technology in conjunction with bioinformatics tools. We hybridized microarrays, each containing 8000 cDNA clones, to RNAs extracted from 13 esophageal surgical or(More)
Homozygously Deleted in Pancreatic Cancer 4 (DPC4), a recently identified candidate tumor suppressor gene, was previously shown to be altered in human pancreatic cancers. We examined DPC4 mutation in 30 examples of three other types of gastrointestinal malignancy: 10 esophageal cancers, 10 gastric cancers and 10 colorectal cancers occurring in the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is a subtle distinction between sporadic colorectal adenomas and cancers (SAC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated dysplasias and cancers. However, this distinction is clinically important because sporadic adenomas are usually managed by polypectomy alone, whereas IBD-related high-grade dysplasias mandate subtotal(More)
BACKGROUND E (epithelial)-cadherin, the cell adhesion molecule also considered a potential invasion/metastasis suppressor, is mutationally inactivated in nearly half of all undifferentiated-scattered (diffuse-type) gastric carcinomas. In addition, silencing of E-cadherin by CpG methylation within its promoter region has been reported in several gastric(More)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene is mutationally inactivated in both familial and sporadic forms of colorectal cancers. In addition, hypermethylation of CpG islands in the upstream portion of APC, a potential alternative mechanism of tumor suppressor gene inactivation, has been described in colorectal cancer. Because a subset of(More)
The E2F group of transcription factors transactivates genes that promote progression through the G1-S transition of the cell cycle. Members of the retinoblastoma (Rb) family of proteins bind to E2Fs and inhibit this function. E2F-4, one example of the E2F group, functions as an oncogene when transfected into nontransformed cells in vitro. On the other hand,(More)
cDNA microarrays, combined with bioinformatics analyses, are becoming increasingly used in current medical research. Existing analytic methods , particularly those that are unsupervised, often have difficulty recognizing subtle differences among predefined subgroups. In contrast, supervised methods, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), are able to(More)