Tong Sin Yin

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Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) must achieve a balance between quiescence and activation that fulfils immediate demands for haematopoiesis without compromising long-term stem cell maintenance, yet little is known about the molecular events governing this balance. Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) functions as a negative regulator of the(More)
The stem cell niche is composed of a specialized population of cells that plays an essential role in regulating adult stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. In adults, osteoblasts, responsible for osteogenesis, and hematopoietic cells, responsible for hematopoiesis, are closely associated in the bone marrow, suggesting a reciprocal relationship between(More)
Haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niches, although proposed decades ago, have only recently been identified as separate osteoblastic and vascular microenvironments. Their interrelationships and interactions with HSCs in vivo remain largely unknown. Here we report the use of a newly developed ex vivo real-time imaging technology and immunoassaying to trace the(More)
To explore the genetic abnormalities that cooperate with AML1-ETO (AE) fusion gene to cause acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21), we screened a number of candidate genes and identified 11 types of mutations in C-KIT gene (mC-KIT), including 6 previously undescribed ones among 26 of 54 (48.1%) cases with t(8;21). To address a possible chronological(More)
Intestinal polyposis, a precancerous neoplasia, results primarily from an abnormal increase in the number of crypts, which contain intestinal stem cells (ISCs). In mice, widespread deletion of the tumor suppressor Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) generates hamartomatous intestinal polyps with epithelial and stromal involvement. Using this model, we(More)
Warfarin is the most widely prescribed oral anticoagulant, but there is greater than 10-fold interindividual variability in the dose required to attain a therapeutic response. Information from pharmacogenomics, the study of the interaction of an individual's genotype and drug response, can help optimize drug efficacy while minimizing adverse drug reactions.(More)
Inherited deficiency of protein S encoded by the PROS1 gene constitutes an important risk factor for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Nevertheless, although more than 200 deleterious genetic variations in PROS1 have been identified, causative point mutations of PROS1 gene are not detected in approximately half of protein S-deficient families. The present study(More)
Antibodies The following monoclonal antibodies (Abs) were used for flowcytometry and cell sorting: anti-c-Kit (2B8, BD Biosciences), -Sca-1 (E13-161.7, BD Biosciences), -CD4 (L3T4, BD Biosciences), -CD8 (53-6.72, BD Biosciences), -B220 (RA3-6B2, BD Biosciences), -TER-119, -Gr-1 (RB6-8C5, BD Biosciences), -Mac-1 (M1/70, BD Biosciences), -CD34 (RAM34,(More)
Osteoblasts expressing the homophilic adhesion molecule N-cadherin form a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niche. Therefore, we examined how N-cadherin expression in HSCs relates to their function. We found that bone marrow (BM) cells highly expressing N-cadherin (N-cadherin(hi)) are not stem cells, being largely devoid of a Lineage(-)Sca1(+)cKit(+) population(More)
INTRODUCTION Cytochrome P450 (CYP), ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCB1), and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) play crucial roles in clopidogel absorption and bioactivation. Genetic polymorphisms in these genes have been associated with the variability of the response to clopidogrel, however their contribution to high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) in(More)