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BACKGROUND Patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who have not had a response to therapy with peginterferon and ribavirin may benefit from the addition of multiple direct-acting antiviral agents to their treatment regimen. METHODS This open-label, phase 2a study included an exploratory cohort of 21 patients with chronic HCV genotype 1(More)
BACKGROUND Opinions and recommendations about the optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding have been strongly divided, but few published studies have provided direct evidence on the relative risks and benefits of different breastfeeding durations in recipient infants. OBJECTIVE We examined the effects on infant growth and health of 3 compared with 6 mo(More)
Targeted proteomics research, based on the enrichment of disease-relevant proteins from isolated cell populations selected from high-quality tissue specimens, offers great potential for the identification of diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biological markers for use in the clinical setting and during preclinical testing and clinical trials, as well(More)
In order to detect distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks accurately and efficiently, a new detection model based on conditional random fields (CRF) was proposed. The CRF based model incorporates the signaturebased and anomaly-based detection methods to a hybrid system. The selected features include source IP entropy, destination IP entropy, source(More)
We describe an unusual mechanism for organelle division. In the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, only mature peroxisomes contain the complete set of matrix proteins. These mature peroxisomes assemble from several immature peroxisomal vesicles in a multistep pathway. The stepwise import of distinct subsets of matrix proteins into different immature intermediates(More)
The Hippo pathway has been implicated in suppressing tissue overgrowth and tumor formation by restricting the oncogenic activity of YAP. However, transcriptional regulators that inhibit YAP activity have not been well studied. Here, we uncover clinical importance for VGLL4 in gastric cancer suppression and find that VGLL4 directly competes with YAP for(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer is one of the most lethal types of female malignancy. Although most patients are initially responsive to platinum-based chemotherapy, almost all develop recurrent chemoresistant tumors and succumb to their diseases. Elucidating the pathogenesis underlying drug resistance is fundamental to the development of new therapeutics,(More)
BACKGROUND Available evidence suggests that prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding is associated with lower infant weight and length by 6 to 12 months of age. This evidence, however, is based on observational studies, which are unable to separate the effects of feeding mode per se from selection bias, reverse causality, and the confounding effects of(More)
Lung cancer is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide with high incidence and mortality. Hippo (Hpo) pathway is a conserved regulator of organ size in both Drosophila and mammals. Emerging evidence has suggested the significance of Hpo pathway in cancer development. In this study, we identify VGLL4 as a novel tumor suppressor in lung carcinogenesis(More)
Saliva is a readily available body fluid with great diagnostic potential. The foundation for saliva-based diagnostics, however, is the development of a complete catalog of secreted and "leaked" proteins detectable in saliva. By employing a capillary isoelectric focusing-based multidimensional separation platform coupled with electrospray ionization tandem(More)