Tong-Cun Zhang

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Both the human pregnane X receptor (hPXR) and constitutive androstane receptor (hCAR) are capable of regulating CYP3A4 and CYP2B6 gene expression. However, the majority of currently identified CYP3A4 and CYP2B6 inducers are confirmed activators of hPXR but not hCAR. To compare these receptors with respect to their chemical selectivities, 16 drugs known to(More)
In response to stress signals, postnatal cardiomyocytes undergo hypertrophic growth accompanied by activation of a fetal gene program, assembly of sarcomeres, and cellular enlargement. We show that hypertrophic signals stimulate the expression and transcriptional activity of myocardin, a cardiac and smooth muscle-specific coactivator of serum response(More)
Telomeres are critical in maintaining chromosome and genomic stability. Arsenic, a human carcinogen as well as an anticancer agent, is known for its clastogenicity. To better understand molecular mechanisms of arsenic actions, we investigated arsenite effects on telomere and telomerase and determined cell growth and apoptosis in HL-60 and HaCaT cells in(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is an important developmental process, participates in tumor's formation, invasion, and metastasis and has been extensively studied. Recently, endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), a newly recognized type of cellular transdifferentiation, has been demonstrated to participate in a number of diseases by causing(More)
Plectasin is a defensin-like antimicrobial peptide isolated from a fungus, the saprophytic ascomycete Pseudoplectania nigrella. Plectasin showed marked antibacterial activity in vitro against Gram-positive bacteria, especially Streptococcus pneumoniae, including strains resistant to conventional antibiotics. Plectasin could kill the sensitive strain as(More)
Myocardin-related transcription factor-A (MRTF-A) is a Rho signal-responsive transcriptional coactivator of serum response factor (SRF). Recent studies indicated that MRTF-A might be an important regulator of mammary gland and be involved in cancer metastasis. However, the roles of histone modification in the MRTF-A-dependent signal pathway and tumor(More)
Genes coding for bile salt hydrolase of Lactobacillus plantarum CGMCC 8198, a novel probiotic strain isolated from silage, were identified, analyzed and cloned. L. plantarum strongly resisted the inhibitory effects of bile salts and also decreased serum cholesterol levels by 20 % in mice with hypercholesterolemia. Using RT-PCR analysis, bsh2, bsh3 and bsh4(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is an important precursor for anaerobic production of succinate and malate. Although inactivating PEP/carbohydrate phosphotransferase systems (PTS) could increase PEP supply, the resulting strain had a low glucose utilization rate. In order to improve anaerobic glucose utilization rate for efficient production of succinate and(More)
High expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα) is associated with a poor prognosis that correlates closely with cellular proliferation in breast cancer. However, the exact molecular mechanism by which ERα controls breast cancer cell proliferation is not clear. Here we report that ERα regulates the cell cycle by suppressing p53/p21 and up-regulating(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, highly conserved, small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Recent studies have demonstrated that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in the cardiovascular system. The implications of miRNAs in cardiovascular disease have recently been recognized, representing the most rapidly(More)