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  • T Bergan
  • 1985
The antibacterial activity of metronidazole and tinidazole are comparable. The former is subject to biotransformation with the production of both hydroxy-metronidazole and acetylmetronidazole. The hydroxylated moiety has an antibacterial activity and may act either synergistically or additively in combination with metronidazole, thus enhancing the(More)
  • T Bergan
  • 2001
The consumption of antibacterials has remained relatively stable in Scandinavia and is low compared with most other countries. Measured as "Defined Daily Doses" (DDD), the highest consumption is found in Iceland and Finland, and the lowest in Denmark and Norway. The consumption in Iceland, Finland and Sweden is about twice that in Norway. The distribution(More)
The pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin was studied in 12 volunteers during a 5-day course of 500 mg of ciprofloxacin given orally twice a day. The effects on the microflora of saliva and feces were also examined. Serum and urine samples were assayed for ciprofloxacin microbiologically, and the salivary and fecal microflora were examined quantitatively after(More)
A cross-over study on metronidazole was carried out with 10 healthy adult volunteers who received tablets (250, 500 and 1,000 mg) and suppositories (500, 1,000 and 2,000 mg). The bioavailability of the suppositories was approximately 90% of the corresponding tablet dose as judged by area under the serum curves and amounts excreted in urine. The absorption(More)
Pharmacokinetics of phenoxymethylpenicillin was studied in 12 healthy volunteers. They received four different single oral dose sizes. At all dose levels (0.4, 1, 2 and 3 g) phenoxymethylpenicillin was rapidly absorbed, usually with serum peaks within 0.75 h. The mean maximal serum peaks (+/- SD) were 6.1 +/- 2.0, 15.0 +/- 4.3, 26.3 +/- 10.0 and 35.5 +/-(More)
Screening for bacteriuria by culture of voided midstream urine was done in 6803 puerperal women; significant growth was found in 8.1%. The urine was recollected by suprapubic aspiration and bacteriuria was confirmed in 52%, corresponding to an incidence of bladder bacteriuria of 3.7%. A history of past urinary tract infection, bacteriuria in pregnancy,(More)
The susceptibility of 424 bacterial isolates causing diarrhoea were tested by agar dilution technique on Mueller-Hinton Agar against amoxicillin, ampicillin, ceftriaxone, chloramphenicol, co-trimoxazole, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline, norfloxacin and ofloxacin. The bacterial species included were Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella tarda, Pleisomonas(More)