Ton Raap

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Rearrangement of the BCL2 gene is an important parameter for the differential diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Although a relatively large proportion of breakpoints is clustered, many are missed by standard PCR. A FISH assay is therefore desired. Up to now, a lack of probes flanking the BCL2 gene has limited the possibilities for a FISH assay to an(More)
Rearrangements within the chromosome 11q13 region are frequent in hematologic malignancies. 50% of 75% of mantle cell lymphomas (MCLs) carry a translocation t(11;14) (q13;q32). Using Southern blot analysis, a BCL1 breakpoint can be detected in approximately 50% of MCLs. It is not known whether other MCLs harbor also breakpoints at 11q13. Breakpoints in this(More)
Knowledge of how molecules interact in space and time is crucial for understanding cellular processes. A host of novel techniques have been developed for the visualisation of single target molecules in living cells, many based on fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) or immunocytochemistry (IC). To extend the applicability of FISH to living cells,(More)
Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is a powerful, direct and sensitive technique with a wide resolution range that enables the simultaneous study of multiple targets, labelled in different colours. Spreading techniques, denoted here as 'Fiber-FISH', increase FISH-resolution to the DNA fiber, using decondensed nuclear DNA as hybridization target. FISH(More)
OBJECTIVE The sensory nervous system with the 2 neurotransmitters substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) is proinflammatory in experimental models of arthritis. The role of the sympathetic nervous system with norepinephrine (NE), adenosine, beta-endorphin, and methionine enkephalin (MENK) is not clearly understood. We studied the(More)
Exposure of L929 murine fibroblasts to ozone resulted in K+ leakage and inhibition of several enzymes. Most sensitive to ozone exposure were glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and pyruvate kinase. The activities of another cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase, the mitochondrial enzymes glutamate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase, cytochrome c(More)
In two female patients with a 45,X/46,X, +mar karyotype the marker chromosomes were identified as normal length nonfluorescent Y chromosomes (nlYnf) using non-isotopic in situ hybridization (NISH) complementary to routine cytogenetic analysis and Southern hybridization. The recognition of the nlYnf as isodicentric in both patients illustrates and confirms(More)
Piet van Duijn, one of the pioneers and founders of Euro-pean Cytochemistry of the twentieth century deceased on 21 June 2007 at the age of 84. Born in a family of fruit and crop growers, it was soon clear that Piet's intellectual gifts predestined him to a scien-tiWc, not an agricultural career. Following his chemistry study at the Free University of(More)
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