Tomoyuki Yasukawa

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The effects of p-benzoquinone (BQ) on photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport in a single algal protoplast (radius, 100 microm) was investigated quantitatively by amperometric measurements using microelectrodes. Under light irradiation (25 kLx) in the presence of 1.00 mM BQ, a single protoplast consumed BQ by (2.9 +/- 0.2) x 10(-13) mol/s and(More)
Microparticles have been manipulated in a microfluidic channel by means of negative dielectrophoresis (n-DEP), and the approach applied to a heterogeneous immunoassay system. A microfluidic device, with three-dimensional (3-D) microelectrodes fabricated on two substrates, was used to manipulate particle flow in the channel and to capture the particles in(More)
Permeation of several redox species through a cell membrane of a single algal protoplast (radius 100 microns) was investigated by amperometry with a Pt microdisk electrode (disk radius, 6.5 microns) located near the membrane. The redox current observed at the microelectrode decreased as the microelectrode approached the cell membrane since the membrane(More)
Electrochemical microbial chip for mutagen screening were microfabricated and characterized by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). Salmonella typhimurium TA1535 with a plasmid pSK1002 carrying a umuC'-'lacZ fusion gene was used for the whole cell mutagen sensor. The TA1535/pSK1002 cells were exposed to mutagen solutions containing(More)
We describe a novel multicellular spheroid culture system that facilitates the easy preparation and culture of a spheroid microarray for the long-term monitoring of cellular activity. A spheroid culture device with an array of pyramid-like microholes was constructed in a silicon chip that was equipped with elastomeric microchannels. A cell suspension was(More)
A novel three-dimensional cell culture system was constructed with an array of cell panels (4 x 5) in a silicon chip, together with multi-channel drug containers. Human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells were embedded in a collagen-gel matrix and entrapped in a pyramidal-shaped silicon hole. Each cell panel can be isolated by a channel composed of a microfluid(More)
A picoliter-volume electrochemical analytical chamber has been developed for detecting the metabolic flux resulting from the stress responses of a single plant cell. Electrochemical cells, with volumes as small as 100 pL, were fabricated by controlled electrochemical dissolution of a gold wire sealed in glass (the back-etching of the metal realizing an(More)
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) was applied to a dual enzyme immunoassay for the detection of pepsinogen 1 (PG1) and pepsinogen 2 (PG2). Sandwich-type immunocomplexes labeled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) were constructed on microspots consisting of anti-PG1 IgG antibody and anti-PG2 IgG antibody. These microspots were fabricated on a(More)
Scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM) using a nanopipette as a probe and ionic current as a feedback signal was introduced as a novel technique to study live cells in a physiological environment. To avoid contact between the pipette tip and cells during the conventional lateral scanning mode, we adopted a standing approach (STA) mode in which the probe(More)
A membrane protein on the surface of a single living mammalian cell was imaged by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the key membrane proteins associated with cancer. It elicits a wide range of cell-type-specific responses, leading to cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and(More)