Tomoyuki Uchiyama

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We investigated the short-term effects of a single dose of levodopa (L-dopa) on micturition function in PD patients with wearing-off phenomenon. Eighteen PD patients who had median Hoehn and Yahr scores of 5 during the off phase and 3 during the on phase were recruited. We carried out urodynamic studies before and about 1 hour after the patients had taken(More)
Bladder dysfunction (urinary urgency/frequency) is a common non-motor disorder in Parkinson's disease (PD). In contrast to motor disorders, bladder dysfunction is sometimes non-responsive to levodopa treatment. The brain pathology causing the bladder dysfunction (appearance of overactivity) involves an altered dopamine basal ganglia-frontal circuit, which(More)
TAR DNA binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) is likely to be the major pathogenetic protein in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). A previous study has shown that levels of TDP-43 in CSF measured by an ELISA are significantly higher for ALS patients than for controls. The aim of this study was to investigate whether elevated CSF TDP-43 levels are specific to(More)
OBJECTIVES Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), or hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia type 3, is the most common dominantly inherited ataxia. However, lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in MJD has not been fully delineated. We investigated LUT dysfunction in MJD by clinical-urodynamic observations. METHODS In 24 genetically diagnosed MJD, we recruited all 11(More)
Mosapride citrate is a novel selective 5-HT4 receptor agonist. It facilitates acetylcholine release from the enteric cholinergic neurons. In contrast to cisapride, mosapride does not block K(+) channels or D2 dopaminergic receptors. The objective of this study is to perform an open study of mosapride citrate's effects on constipation, a prominent lower(More)
BACKGROUND A combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has not been well known. This combination can be referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS), when accompanied by no other abnormalities. OBJECTIVE To describe the results of a uro-neurological assessment in our patients with MRS. METHODS In three patients (two men, one(More)
AIMS A peculiar combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has been described. This combination is referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS), since patients with this syndrome exhibited no other abnormalities, except for mild pyramidal involvement. We aimed to delineate this syndrome by reviewing literatures. METHODS We(More)
The combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has not been well recognized. This combination can be referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome (MRS), when accompanied by no other abnormalities. However, the responsible site of lesions for urinary retention in MRS remains obscure, despite the areflexic detrusor at the time of urinary(More)
AIMS To study diabetic cystopathy with reference to overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS We retrospectively analyzed diabetic cystopathy in our digitized database that comprised 2300 case records, including data from a lower urinary tract symptoms questionnaire, data from a urodynamic study, and data from neurological examinations. RESULTS Diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to evaluate the utility of the combined use of cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy, olfactory testing, and substantia nigra (SN) hyperechogenicity on transcranial sonography (TCS) in differentiating Parkinson's disease (PD) from atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APSs), such as multiple system atrophy (MSA) and(More)