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A large-scale (337,647 cases), nationwide comparative clinical study in Japan on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to high-osmolar ionic contrast media and low-osmolar nonionic contrast media was performed prospectively. Ionic contrast media were administered in 169,284 cases (50.1%) and nonionic contrast media in 168,363 cases (49.9%). The overall prevalence(More)
The efficacy of dynamic sequential CT with table incrementation during arterial portography (DSCTI-AP) in the detection of small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (less than 3 cm in diameter and less than three in number) was analyzed in comparison with other imaging methods including radionuclide (RN) liver scans, ultrasound (US), CT, selective celiac(More)
Twenty patients with schizophrenia and ten normal control subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. The volumes of several brain structures were measured using a computer image analysing system. The schizophrenic patients had significantly smaller left parahippocampal volume and larger left temporal horn volume than the control subjects. A(More)
The blood supplies of nodular lesions associated with liver cirrhosis were analyzed in vivo with various imaging modalities. The portal blood supply was evaluated with computed tomography (CT) during arterial portography (CTAP); the arterial blood supply was evaluated with hepatic angiography, CT angiography, CT following intraarterial injection of iodized(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation between the intranodular blood supply revealed by CT during intraarterial injection of contrast medium, mainly using helical CT, and the grade of malignancy of hepatocellular nodules associated with liver cirrhosis as classified by the International Working Party of the World Congress of(More)
PURPOSE To assess the hemodynamics and the main drainage vessel of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Single-level dynamic computed tomography during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) was performed in 32 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Carcinoma was confirmed with histologic (n = 9) or clinical (n = 23) examination results.(More)
Ninety percent depancreatized rats received daily intraperitoneal injection of 0.5 g/kg nicotinamide and 0.05 g/kg 3-aminobenzamide, potent inhibitors of islet poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase. One to three months after the partial pancreatectomy, urinary and plasma glucose levels in nicotinamide- and 3-aminobenzamide-treated rats were markedly lower than those(More)
The effect of microinjection of a GABAB receptor agonist, baclofen, into the ventral tegmental area on the rewarding effect of morphine was investigated using the conditioned place preference paradigm in rats. Morphine (1-8 mg/kg, s.c.) caused a dose-related place preference for the drug-associated place. In contrast, microinjection of baclofen (0.1-1(More)
Brain capillary endothelial cell lines (TR-BBB) were established from a recently developed transgenic rat harboring temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 (ts SV 40) large T-antigen gene (Tg rat) and used to characterize the endothelial marker, transport activity, and mRNA expression of transporters and tight-junction strand proteins at the blood-brain(More)