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Cell migration is a fundamental biological process involving membrane polarization and cytoskeletal dynamics, both of which are regulated by Rho family GTPases. Among these molecules, Rac is crucial for generating the actin-rich lamellipodial protrusion, a principal part of the driving force for movement. The CDM family proteins, Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of a new fermented milk product containing GABA (FMG) on the blood pressure (BP) of patients with mild hypertension. DESIGN A randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind trial. SETTING The study was carried out at the outpatient clinic of the Cardiovascular Disease Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Police Hospital, Japan. (More)
Prostate tissues obtained from rats given a food-derived carcinogen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), at a dose of 400 ppm in the diet for 52 weeks were histopathologically evaluated and found to contain prostate carcinomas limited to the ventral lobe in 18 of 27 cases. Atypical hyperplasias were also detected in the ventral and(More)
Until recently it has been generally considered that genotoxic carcinogens have no threshold in exerting their potential for cancer induction. However, the nonthreshold theory can be challenged with regard to assessment of cancer risk to humans. In the present study we show that a food derived, genotoxic hepatocarcinogen,(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate whether a 2 year exposure to an electromagnetic field (EMF) equivalent to that generated by cellular phones can accelerate tumor development in the central nervous system (CNS) of rats. Brain tumorigenesis was initiated by an intrauterine exposure to N-ethylnitrosourea (ENU) on gestational day 18. A total of 500(More)
The present study was performed to evaluate effects of a 2-year exposure to an electromagnetic near-field (EMF) equivalent to that generated by cellular phones on tumor development in the central nervous system (CNS) of rats. For this purpose, pregnant F344 rats were given a single administration of N-ethylnitrosourea (ENU) on gestational day 18. A total of(More)
It is generally accepted that cancers in the elderly are of low grade malignancy. In order to clarify this point, autopsy cases from a medical center for the elderly between 1982 and 1994 were pathologically analyzed. Three hundred and fifty (160 males, 190 females) out of a total of 871 (361 males, 510 females) autopsy cases were examined. The incidence of(More)
The dose-dependence of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo-[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) carcinogenicity was investigated in F344 rats of both sexes administered the heterocyclic amine in the diet at concentrations of 25 or 100 p.p.m. for up to 104 weeks. Incidences of mammary adenocarcinomas were 7% (2/30) for 25 p.p.m. and 47% (14 of 30 rats) for 100 p.p.m. in(More)
Studies were conducted on the carcinogenic activity of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) in rats and hamsters. To obtain information concerning the mechanism of action of BHA on the forestomach, the following areas were examined: the effects of 12 phenolic compounds structurally related to BHA on the hamster forestomach, the effects of combinations of BHA and(More)