Tomoyuki Shirai

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Objective: To study the effect of a new fermented milk product containing GABA (FMG) on the blood pressure (BP) of patients with mild hypertension.Design: A randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind trial.Setting: The study was carried out at the outpatient clinic of the Cardiovascular Disease Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Police Hospital, Japan.Subjects:(More)
Cell migration is a fundamental biological process involving membrane polarization and cytoskeletal dynamics, both of which are regulated by Rho family GTPases. Among these molecules, Rac is crucial for generating the actin-rich lamellipodial protrusion, a principal part of the driving force for movement. The CDM family proteins, Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
Prostate tissues obtained from rats given a food-derived carcinogen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), at a dose of 400 ppm in the diet for 52 weeks were histopathologically evaluated and found to contain prostate carcinomas limited to the ventral lobe in 18 of 27 cases. Atypical hyperplasias were also detected in the ventral and(More)
We developed a rodent model that mimics the osteoblastic and osteolytic changes associated with human metastatic prostate cancer. Microarray analysis identified MMP-7, cathepsin-K, and apolipoprotein D as being upregulated at the tumor-bone interface. MMP-7, which was produced by osteoclasts at the tumor-bone interface, was capable of processing RANKL to a(More)
Bisphenol-A (BPA), one of the most common environmental endocrine disrupters, has been extensively evaluated for toxicity in a variety of tests in rodents, including developmental and reproductive toxicity, and carcinogenicity. However, little is known about its action on the CNS. In this report, we show that prenatal and neonatal exposure to BPA in mice(More)
A reliable medium-term bioassay system for rapid detection of carcinogenic potential of chemicals in the human environment has been developed. The 8-week-protocol consists of 2 stages; male F344 rats are given a single intraperitoneal injection of diethylnitrosamine (200 mg/kg) for initiation of liver carcinogenesis, followed by a 6-week test chemical(More)
M-protease is a subtilisin-family serine protease produced by an alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. strain. Optimal enzymatic activity of the protein occurs at pH 12.3. The crystal structure of M-protease (space group P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 62.3, b = 75.5, c = 47.2 A) has been refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 17.2% at 1.5 A resolution. The alkaline adaptation(More)
Castleman's disease, an atypical lymphoproliferative disorder, can be classified into 2 types: hyaline-vascular and plasma cell types according to the histologic features of the affected lymph nodes. The plasma cell type is frequently associated with systemic manifestations and is often refractory to systemic therapy including corticosteroids and(More)
Until recently it has been generally considered that genotoxic carcinogens have no threshold in exerting their potential for cancer induction. However, the nonthreshold theory can be challenged with regard to assessment of cancer risk to humans. In the present study we show that a food derived, genotoxic hepatocarcinogen,(More)
Glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P), one of the glutathione S-transferases family of detoxification enzymes, is a very useful marker of rat liver pre-neoplastic lesions. We here investigated the gene expression profile in GST-P positive foci as compared with surrounding GST-P negative areas in the same liver of rats treated with(More)