Tomoyuki Shiozawa

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BACKGROUND Dietary intake of ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFAs) reduces progression of atherosclerosis and prevents future cardiovascular events. Macrophages are key players in the pathogenesis of aortic aneurysm. The effects of ω3-PUFAs on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation and macrophage-mediated inflammation remain unclear. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Portal hypertension in cirrhosis is the result of increased intrahepatic vascular resistance to portal outflow as well as increased portal tributary blood flow. The angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist losartan has been suggested as a portal pressure-lowering drug in patients with cirrhosis. AIM To investigate the systemic and splanchnic(More)
A 61-year-old woman was hospitalized because of ulcerative colitis which had caused fever, vomiting and diarrhea since June 16, 1992. Then she developed toxic megacolon, and was transferred to our hospital on the 1st of July and underwent subtotal colectomy the same day. After surgery, she received intravenous hyperalimentation (IVH) which contained 1,000(More)
The pharmacokinetics of DP-1904, a new potent and selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor, and its effects on ex-vivo prostanoid formation have been studied in groups of Japanese normal male volunteers, who received repeated oral doses of 200 mg every 12 h for 4 doses, or 400 mg every 24 h for 2 doses, or 200 mg every 12 h for 14 doses. The drug was well(More)
The pharmacokinetics of DP-1904, a new potent and selective thromboxane synthetase inhibitor and its effects on ex-vivo prostanoid formation were studied in Japanese normal male volunteers, who received orally a single 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 400 or 800 mg dose. The drug was well tolerated by all subjects without evidence of any adverse reactions. The(More)
BACKGROUND Postprandial hyperglycemia plays an important role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular events. Serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are known to be a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. However, the impact of 1,5-AG level on cardiovascular events has not been fully investigated. METHODS We enrolled(More)
OBJECTIVE The present anatomic study investigates alternative draining pathways of the petrosal vein territory, which allow compensation in case of surgical sacrifice. METHODS In eight (four formaldehyde fixed and four alcohol fixed) specimens the petrosal vein complex has been dissected and studied. Three heads have been selectively injected via the(More)
Objective. We evaluated inflammatory cytokines and chemokine in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with either acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods. We enrolled 20 ACS patients and 50 stable CAD patients without previous history of ACS who underwent cardiac catheterization. Patients with an(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence in patients who have undergone AF catheter ablation have not been fully clarified. The objective of this study was to assess whether the left atrium (LA) and LA appendage (LAA) volumes, and cardio-metabolic markers such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) levels were associated with AF(More)
AIM Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) take part in various biological events linked to the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and hypercoagulability. Several studies have demonstrated the association between PUFAs and the occurrence of VTE. However, the role of PUFAs in the pathogenesis of VTE(More)