Tomoyuki Koga

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To understand the mechanisms of retinal atrophy in cathepsin D-deficient mice, the postnatal development of their retinae was analyzed. TUNEL-positive cells appeared abundantly in the outer nuclear layer (ONL) and slightly in the inner nuclear layer (INL). Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was induced in microglial cells which invaded retinal layers and(More)
The self-assembly of peptides and proteins into beta-sheet-rich high-order structures has attracted much attention as a result of the characteristic nanostructure of these assemblies and because of their association with neurodegenerative diseases. Here we report the structural and conformational properties of a peptide-conjugated graft copolymer,(More)
A cathepsin D (CD) inhibitor was searched using mouse embryonic fibroblasts deficient for CD. Synthetic DNA fragments specifically inhibited CD activity in a dose-dependent manner, but not the activities of other serine or cysteine proteinases. Cathepsin E activity was also inhibited by DNA fragments when hemoglobin was used as a substrate. CD inhibition by(More)
The preparation of a novel peptide/dendrimer hybrid is reported in which an elastin-like oligopeptide is successfully assembled onto a poly(amidoamine) dendrimer surface (G4-ELP), and its unique thermo-responsive behavior is discussed. As a result, the G4-ELP is found to exhibit LCST behavior in the pH range 3-10 including physiological temperature range(More)
Micropatterned fluoroalkylsilane monolayer surfaces with liquidphilic/liquidphobic area (line width 1-20 microm) were prepared with few defects by vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photolithography. The anisotropic wetting of a macroscopic droplet with a 0.5-5 mm diameter on the micropatterned surfaces was investigated. The strong anisotropy of the contact angle and(More)
A novel method for the control of peptide self-assembly has been developed by using synthetic triblock-type beta-sheet peptides composed of l- or d-amino acid, 1L and 1D, as building blocks. The peptides 1L and 1D self-assemble into beta-sheet nanofibers with left- and right-handed twists, respectively, under appropriate condition. On the other hand, the(More)
The molecular aggregation state of octadecylsiloxane monolayers on Si-wafer substrate surfaces prepared from octadecyltrimethoxysilane (OTMS) or octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) was investigated on the basis of grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), contact angle measurement, field emission scanning(More)
In this study, we describe the fabrication of novel fullerene-containing peptide-nanoparticles through self-assembly. A water-soluble, poly(l-glutamic acid)-attached fullerene was newly synthesized and the conformation and self-assembling property in water were examined by using circular dichroism, FTIR, UV, atomic force microscopy, and dynamic light(More)
A novel water-soluble peptide-shelled dendrimer containing a poly(L-glutamic acid) segment grafted on the third-generation poly(amido amine) dendrimer was successfully synthesized, and its secondary structural properties and interaction with alpha-amino acids (Trp, Phe, and Tyr) were revealed by spectroscopic measurements. In the lower pH region, this(More)