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Indication and Benefit of Pelvic Sidewall Dissection for Rectal Cancer
TLDR
Positive lateral lymph node was the strongest predictor in both survival and local recurrence and may be indicated for patients with T3-T4 lower rectal cancers because of the greater provability of positive lateral lymph nodes.
Survival After Curative Resection for Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colorectum
TLDR
There was significant correlation with prognosis as measured by overall survival rate after adjustment had been made for major confounders, and the mucinous histologic type itself was an independent factor for poor prognosis for patients who underwent curative surgery.
Methionine Synthase Reductase Gene A66G Polymorphism is Associated with Risk of Colorectal Cancer.
TLDR
The present study showed that the GG genotype of MTRR A66G is a risk factor for colorectal cancer in Japanese, while MTHFR and MTR polymorphisms are not.
Outcomes of Surgery Alone for Lower Rectal Cancer With and Without Pelvic Sidewall Dissection
TLDR
Although pelvic sidewall dissection does not appear to confer overall benefits regarding local recurrence or survival, the effectiveness in specific patient groups remains uncertain and a randomized controlled study is necessary to clarify this issue.
Dietary Risk Factors for Colon and Rectal Cancers: A Comparative Case-Control Study
TLDR
Dietary risk factors appear to considerably differ between colon and rectal cancers, and a decreasing risk of colon cancer with increasing intakes of calcium and insoluble dietary fiber is found.
Quantitative Detection of Disseminated Free Cancer Cells in Peritoneal Washes With Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase–Polymerase Chain Reaction: A Sensitive Predictor of Outcome for Patients With
TLDR
Quantitative RT-PCR of peritoneal washes can replace cytologic examination as a tool for the sensitive evaluation of the risk of intraperitoneal recurrence in patients with gastric carcinoma.
One-carbon metabolism related gene polymorphisms interact with alcohol drinking to influence the risk of colorectal cancer in Japan.
TLDR
A matched case-control study found consistently significant interactions between one-carbon metabolism-related polymorphisms and alcohol drinking.
Changes in Colorectal Cancer During a 20-Year Period: An Extended Report From the Multi-Institutional Registry of Large Bowel Cancer, Japan
TLDR
Although surgical outcome was largely improved, delayed presentation or diagnosis in younger patients remained a problem and Preferential localization in the proximal colon and survival benefit for females should be investigated.
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