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BACKGROUND The use of suitable cells transplanted into periodontal osseous defects appears to be a powerful strategy to promote periodontal tissue regeneration. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from bone marrow have the potential for multilineage differentiation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether auto-transplantation of MSCs into(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the endolymphatic space image obtained using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the results of electrocochleography. Electrocochleography recordings were obtained from 25 ears of 24 patients, who underwent MRI 1 day after the intratympanic injection of gadolinium diethylenetriamine(More)
To characterize mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), we compared gene expression profiles in human bone marrow MSC (11 lines) and human fibroblasts (4 lines) by RT-PCR and real time PCR. Messenger RNA levels of MHC-DR-alpha, MHC-DR-beta, MHC-DR-associated protein CD74, tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2, and neuroserpin were much higher in MSC than in fibroblasts,(More)
CONCLUSION Visualization of endolymphatic hydrops became possible after intravenous gadolinium (Gd) injection in patients with Ménière's disease. OBJECTIVE To visualize endolymphatic hydrops after intravenous Gd injection. METHODS Gd (gadoteridol; 0.2 mmol/kg) was injected intravenously in three patients with unilateral Ménière's disease. We performed(More)
Neutrophils from people with poorly controlled diabetes present a primed phenotype and secrete excessive superoxide. Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2))-derived arachidonic acid (AA) activates the assembly of NADPH oxidase to generate superoxide anion. There is a gap in the current literature regarding which PLA(2) isoform regulates NADPH oxidase activation. The(More)
DEC1 suppresses CLOCK/BMAL1-enhanced promoter activity, but its role in the circadian system of mammals remains unclear. Here we examined the effect of Dec1 overexpression or deficiency on circadian gene expression triggered with 50% serum. Overexpression of Dec1 delayed the phase of clock genes such as Dec1, Dec2, Per1, and Dbp that contain E boxes in(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), for which bovine collagen-derived atelocollagen is used as a scaffold, enhances periodontal tissue regeneration. However, a scaffold that does not contain unknown ingredients is preferable. Since the synthesized high-molecular-weight (HMW)-hyaluronic acid (HA) is safe and inexpensive, we evaluated the efficacy of(More)
CONCLUSION 3 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed 4 h after intravenous gadolinium (Gd) injection provides sufficient anatomic resolution of the inner ear fluid spaces in sudden deafness. The signal intensity ratio (SIR) between the cochlea and cerebellum may be a good indicator of disruption of the blood-labyrinthine barrier. OBJECTIVES(More)
Hyperglycemia associated with diabetes mellitus results in the priming of neutrophils leading to oxidative stress that is, in part, responsible for diabetic complications. p47phox, a NADPH oxidase cytosolic subunit, is a key protein in the assembly of the NADPH oxidase leading to superoxide generation. Little is known about the priming mechanism of(More)
We recently reported that forced expression of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Dec1 accelerated chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in pellet cultures (Shen, M., Yoshida, E., Yan, W., Kawamoto, T., Suardita, K., Koyano, Y., Fujimoto, K., Noshiro, M., Kato, Y., 2002. Basic helix-loop-helix protein DEC1 promotes(More)