Tomoyuki Ishikawa

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Type 2 oculocutaneous albinism (OCA2) is an autosomal recessive disorder that results from mutations in the P gene that codes one of the melanosomal proteins, the function of which remains unknown. In this paper, we report the frequency of OCA2, 8%, among the Japanese albino population, six novel mutations containing four missense substitutions (P198L,(More)
Shiga toxins (Stx) are some of the major virulence factors of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli strains such as serotype O157:H7. To explore how Stx might initially gain access to the bloodstream from sites of infection, frozen sections of mouse colon were immunohistochemically examined for binding sites for recombinant binding subunits (Stx1B). Binding(More)
Parasporal inclusion proteins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis strain A1470 exhibit strong cytotoxicity against human leukemic T cells when activated by protease treatment. One of the cytotoxic proteins was separated by anion exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography and designated Cry45Aa. Its gene was then expressed in recombinant(More)
Parasporin-4 (PS4) is a cytotoxic protein produced by Bacillus thuringiensis strain A1470. It exhibits specific cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines, CACO-2, Sawano, and MOLT-4 cells, in particular. When cells were administrated with PS4, cell swelling and nuclear shrinkage were induced, and, the ballooned cells burst within 24 h. PSI-BLAST search(More)
In 1901, a unique bacterium was isolated as a pathogen of the sotto disease of the silkmoth larvae, and later in 1915, the organism was described as Bacillus thuringiensis. Since the discovery, this bacterium has widely attracted attention of not only insect pathologists but many other scientists who are interested in strong and specific insecticidal(More)
The effects on liver and serum lipids of rats of excess cystine added to their casein or soy protein isolate diets were studied. When excess cystine was added to the casein diet, liver lipids were not changed. Using soy protein isolate as a protein source, both food consumption and body weight gain were depressed with increasing levels of dietary cystine.(More)
B cells in germinal centres are known to express carbohydrate antigen CD77 in human lymphoid tissues. The CD77 antigen is specifically recognized by Shiga-like toxins (SLTs) that are produced by enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7. To determine whether the binding subunits of Shiga-like toxin-1 (SLT-1B) could have adverse effects on the murine(More)
The development of actuators based on materials that reversibly change shape and/or size in response to external stimuli has attracted interest for some time. A particularly intriguing possibility is offered by light-responsive materials, which allow remote operation without the need for direct contact to the actuator. The photo-response of these materials(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis A1470 produces multiple proteins with similar molecular masses (~30 kDa) with cytotoxicity against human cell lines. One that was previously identified, parasporin-4, is a β-pore-forming toxin. The N-terminal sequence of a second cytotoxic protein was identical to a partial sequence of parasporin-2 produced by B. thuringiensis A1547.(More)