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PURPOSE To characterize the spatial and temporal course of ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) recorded by subdural EEG in children with intractable neocortical epilepsy. METHODS We retrospectively studied nine children (four girls, five boys; 4-17 yr) who presented with intractable extrahippocampal localization-related epilepsy and who underwent(More)
OBJECT Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has been typically used to localize epileptic activity by modeling interictal activity as equivalent current dipoles (ECDs). Synthetic aperture magnetometry (SAM) is a recently developed adaptive spatial filtering algorithm for MEG that provides some advantages over the ECD approach. The SAM-kurtosis algorithm (also known(More)
OBJECTIVE During seizures, intracranial EEG electrodes can record ictal muscle movements. Our purpose was to differentiate the high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) of extracranial muscle contractions from those of intracranial epileptogenic discharges. METHODS Using intracranial video-EEG (IVEEG), we recorded seizures in a 17-year-old boy with left(More)
OBJECTIVE We intended to investigate the effects of age, gender, and medications on amino acid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/plasma ratios in children, and to determine whether amino acid transports across the blood-CSF barrier in children differ from those in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS Amino acid concentrations measured by ion-exchange high-performance(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence regarding the association between alcohol consumption and the gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) spectrum has been conflicting. We examined the association between alcohol consumption and erosive esophagitis and Barrett's epithelium in Japanese men. METHODS The study population comprised 463 men subjects who had undergone an upper(More)
Synchronization of neural oscillations is thought to integrate distributed neural populations into functional cell assemblies. Epilepsy is widely regarded as a disorder of neural synchrony. Knowledge is scant, however, regarding whether ictal changes in synchrony involving epileptogenic cortex are expressed similarly across various frequency ranges.(More)
PURPOSE Jeavons syndrome (JS) is one of the underreported epileptic syndromes characterized by eyelid myoclonia (EM), eye closure-induced seizures/electroencephalography (EEG) paroxysms, and photosensitivity. JS has been proposed as idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) because of normal posterior dominant background activity and paroxysmal generalized(More)
OBJECTIVES To elucidate the pathophysiology of intractable epileptic spasms in older children by describing the interictal magnetoencephalography spike sources (MEGSSs), intracranial EEG ictal-onset zones (IOZs) and their ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) and surgical outcomes. METHODS We studied five patients (4.5-14 years) who underwent surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical severity of alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is extremely variable. To investigate genotype-phenotype correlations in AHC, we analyzed the clinical information and ATP1A3 mutations in patients with AHC. METHODS Thirty-five Japanese patients who were clinically diagnosed with AHC participated in this study. ATP1A3 mutations were(More)
PURPOSE High-frequency oscillations (HFOs), termed ripples at 80-200 Hz and fast ripples (FRs) at >200/250 Hz, recorded by intracranial electroencephalography (EEG), may be a valuable surrogate marker for the localization of the epileptogenic zone. We evaluated the relationship of the resection of focal brain regions containing high-rate interictal HFOs and(More)