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PURPOSE To characterize the spatial and temporal course of ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) recorded by subdural EEG in children with intractable neocortical epilepsy. METHODS We retrospectively studied nine children (four girls, five boys; 4-17 yr) who presented with intractable extrahippocampal localization-related epilepsy and who underwent(More)
We investigated the effects of inhibitors of bone resorption (estrogen, raloxifene, and alendronate) on the processes of fracture repair in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. One hundred forty female Sprague-Dawley rats at 3 months of age were either OVX or sham-operated and divided into five groups: sham control, OVX control, estrogen (17alpha-ethynyl estradiol(More)
OBJECT Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has been typically used to localize epileptic activity by modeling interictal activity as equivalent current dipoles (ECDs). Synthetic aperture magnetometry (SAM) is a recently developed adaptive spatial filtering algorithm for MEG that provides some advantages over the ECD approach. The SAM-kurtosis algorithm (also known(More)
PURPOSE High-frequency oscillations (HFOs), termed ripples at 80-200 Hz and fast ripples (FRs) at >200/250 Hz, recorded by intracranial electroencephalography (EEG), may be a valuable surrogate marker for the localization of the epileptogenic zone. We evaluated the relationship of the resection of focal brain regions containing high-rate interictal HFOs and(More)
OBJECTIVE To localize high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) on the cortex during epileptic spasms using video subdural EEG and Multiple Band Frequency Analysis (MBFA). METHODS Using video subdural EEG sampled at 1 kHz, we studied a 14-year-old boy with asymmetric epileptic spasms of possible left frontal origin. We identified HFOs, then analyzed and(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence regarding the association between alcohol consumption and the gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) spectrum has been conflicting. We examined the association between alcohol consumption and erosive esophagitis and Barrett's epithelium in Japanese men. METHODS The study population comprised 463 men subjects who had undergone an upper(More)
OBJECTIVE During seizures, intracranial EEG electrodes can record ictal muscle movements. Our purpose was to differentiate the high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) of extracranial muscle contractions from those of intracranial epileptogenic discharges. METHODS Using intracranial video-EEG (IVEEG), we recorded seizures in a 17-year-old boy with left(More)
OBJECTIVE We intended to investigate the effects of age, gender, and medications on amino acid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/plasma ratios in children, and to determine whether amino acid transports across the blood-CSF barrier in children differ from those in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS Amino acid concentrations measured by ion-exchange high-performance(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Coffee is one of the most popular beverages worldwide, however, few studies have examined the effects of coffee on the gastrointestinal system. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was a correlation between coffee intake and gastric emptying using a novel non-invasive technique for measuring gastric emptying with a continuous(More)