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UNLABELLED TNF-alpha is a major inflammatory factor that is induced in response to injury, and it contributes to the normal regulatory processes of bone resorption. The role of TNF-alpha during fracture healing was examined in wild-type and TNF-alpha receptor (p55(-/-)/p75(-/-))-deficient mice. The results show that TNF-alpha plays an important regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND Although much attention has been focused on the anti-allergic effects of probiotics, their mode of action is not fully understood. Mast cells, which play a central role in inducing allergic inflammation, are potential targets of probiotics given the recent discovery that they express Toll-like receptors (TLRs), the pattern recognition receptors(More)
Fracture healing is a unique biological process regulated by a complex array of signaling molecules and proinflammatory cytokines. Recent evidence for the role of tumor necrosis family members in the coupling of cellular functions during skeletal homeostasis suggests that they also may be involved in the regulation of skeletal repair. The expression of a(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) induces apoptosis in a number of cell types and plays an essential role in bone remodeling, both stimulating the proliferation of osteoblasts and activating osteoclasts. During endochondral ossification, apoptosis of chondrocytes occurs concurrently with new bone formation and the resorption and replacement of(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is known to mediate bone resorption; however, its role in osteogenesis has not been fully elucidated. In order to investigate the direct role of TNF-alpha signaling in the recruitment and differentiation of osteoblasts, two separate models of bone repair were used, marrow ablation and simple transverse fractures.(More)
This paper demonstrates that, in the mediation of light, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functionally associates with the anterior periventricular and parvocellular paraventricular neuron systems in rats. Intact rats (group 1) and rats undergoing a hemicomplete cutting of the SCN (group 2) were housed in a dark room (2-3 weeks) and killed after an(More)
A sensitive double antibody and heterologous enzyme immunoassay for mabuterol was established. For competitive reactions, antibody raised against diazotized mabuterol-human serum albumin was incubated with a mixture of diazotized mabuterol analog (RC-1) labeled with beta-D-galactosidase and standard or sample. Free and antibody-bound enzyme hapten were(More)
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