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BACKGROUND Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is the lead enzyme in the nucleotide excision repair process. Two polymorphisms of ERCC1, T19007C (rs11615) and C8092A (rs3212986), have been reported to affect both the carcinogenesis and the survival of the patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, but the mechanism by which these(More)
DNA repair enzyme expression in tumor cells possibly affects sensitivity to anti-cancer agents. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between expression status of DNA repair enzymes and chemosensitivity in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). NSCLC tissues prepared from the surgical specimens of 41 patients were subjected to(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence of cardiovascular comorbidity in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients increases with age. Therefore, the influence of cardiovascular comorbidity in NSCLC patients on their short- or long-term prognosis remains controversial. This study evaluated the possible risk factors related to the short-term and long-term survivals in(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations is a good indicator of the clinical efficacy of gefitinib in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer. It was recently reported that the serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level could be a predictive factor for the efficacy of gefitinib treatment; therefore, it is suggested(More)
PURPOSE We developed a method for predicting true-negative lymph node metastases in clinical IA non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) by the combined evaluation of computed tomography (CT), 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) findings and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of primary tumors. METHODS The subjects of(More)
BACKGROUND hMLH1 and hMSH2 have been implicated to be involved in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system. The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of hMLH1 and hMSH2 DNA MMR proteins in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissue and to elucidate their clinical significance. METHODS The hMLH1 and hMSH2 protein expression was evaluated by(More)
BACKGROUND It is believed that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs during the development and progression of cancer; however, the correlation between tobacco smoking and EMT remains to be elucidated. METHODS Cells from the bronchioloalveolar carcinoma cell line A549 were exposed to benzo(a)pyrene (B[a]P) for 24 weeks, and morphology,(More)
BACKGROUND To propose 'never-smoking nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC)' as a separate entity, the clinicopathologic differences of operable NSCLC between never-smoking patients and patients with a history of smoking were investigated. METHODS The medical records of 1405 patients with primary NSCLC who underwent a complete resection at the study(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in tumor growth by regulating the energy metabolism and angiogenesis. We herein investigated the mRNA expression level of HIF-1alpha in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues to clarify the impact on the clinical aspects of NSCLC patients. (More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key event in cancer progression. The expression of EMT-related factors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their impact on clinicopathological variables was examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 137 NSCLC patients who underwent surgical resections were investigated. The expression of Twist,(More)