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An autosomal recessive form of juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP) (MIM 600116) is a levodopa-responsive Parkinsonism whose pathological finding is a highly selective degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the zona compacta of the substantia nigra. By linkage analysis of diallelic polymorphism of the Mn-superoxide dismutase gene (SOD2), we found a family with(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were measured for the first time in the brain (caudate nucleus, putamen and cerebral cortex) from control and parkinsonian patients by highly sensitive sandwich enzyme immunoassays. The concentrations of IL-1 beta, IL-6, EGF, and TGF-alpha in the(More)
Genomic DNA from 19 Japanese patients with congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) representing 16 different families was examined to identify the genetic alterations of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). Ten of 19 patients had a 46,XX karyotype and nine had a 46,XY karyotype. Six of the 46,XX patients have experienced spontaneous(More)
Quetiapine has been suggested to be useful for the treatment of psychosis in patients with Parkinson's disease without prominent deterioration of motor functions. We present two patients with Parkinson's disease in whom administration of quetiapine for drug-induced psychosis caused characteristic stereotyped behaviors or punding. Since stereotyped behaviors(More)
We and other workers found markedly increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines and apoptosis-related proteins in parkinsonian brain. Although the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains enigmatic, apoptosis might be involved in the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in PD. To investigate the possible presence of other inflammatory cytokines(More)
Only a few human studies have reported the relationship between dietary factors and the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We therefore analyzed the relationship between macronutrients (carbohydrate, protein and fat) and the risk of ALS using a case-control study in Japan. The study comprised 153 ALS patients diagnosed by the El Escorial World(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD)-specific or characteristic gene expression was explored by the identification of cDNA clones by means of differential screening for embryonic brain cDNA library with 32P-labeled cDNA probes prepared from mRNA of AD and normal human brains. To isolate neuronal genes in degenerating neurons, we used rat embryonic cDNA library at stage(More)
1. To elucidate the mechanisms regulating the release of striatal dopamine and its precursor, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), we determined the effects of various Ca2+ channel antagonists, an N-type Ca2+ channel antagonist, omega-conotoxin GVIA, a P-type Ca2+ channel antagonist, omega-agatoxin IVA, and a Q-type Ca2+ channel antagonist, omega-conotoxin(More)
Using highly sensitive sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), we measured for the first time the concentrations of brain-derived growth factor (BDNF) in the brain (substantia nigra, caudate nucleus, putamen, cerebellum, and frontal cortex) from control and parkinsonian patients. BDNF in the human brain (the order of ng/mg protein) was(More)