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Cathepsin E is an intracellular aspartic proteinase of the pepsin superfamily, which is predominantly expressed in certain cell types, including the immune system cells and rapidly regenerating gastric mucosal and epidermal keratinocytes. The intracellular localization of this protein varies with different cell types. The endosomal localization is primarily(More)
Cathepsin E (CatE) is predominantly expressed in the rapidly regenerating gastric mucosal cells and epidermal keratinocytes, in addition to the immune system cells. However, the role of CatE in these cells remains unclear. Here we report a crucial role of CatE in keratinocyte terminal differentiation. CatE deficiency in mice induces abnormal keratinocyte(More)
The aspartic proteinase cathepsin E is expressed predominantly in cells of the immune system and highly secreted by activated phagocytes, and deficiency of cathepsin E in mice results in a phenotype affecting immune responses. However, because physiologic substrates for cathepsin E have not yet been identified, the relevance of these observations to the(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is one of the primary etiologic agents of adult periodontitis and is known to produce a unique class of cysteine proteinases, termed gingipains. They consist of Arg-gingipain (Rgp) and Lys-gingipain (Kgp) and exist in the cell-associated and secreted forms. In the current review, we summarize recent knowledge on the(More)
Potent anti-adherent activity was detected in fermentation extracts of microbial strain FO-5050. Active compounds designated macrosphelide A and B were isolated and the structure was determined to be 16-membered macrolide antibiotics possessing three ester bonds in the ring structure. Macrosphelide A dose-dependently inhibited the adhesion of HL-60 cells to(More)
Cathepsin E (CE) is an intracellular aspartic proteinase implicated in various physiological and pathological processes, yet its actual roles in vivo remain elusive. To assess the physiological significance of CE expression in tumor cells, human CE was stably expressed in human prostate carcinoma ALVA101 cells expressing very little CE activity. Tumor(More)
Despite advances in detection and treatment for breast cancer (BC), recurrence and death rates remain unacceptably high. Therefore, more convenient diagnostic and prognostic methods still required to optimize treatments among the patients. Here, we report the clinical significance of the serum cathepsin E (CatE) activity as a novel prognostic marker for BC.(More)
The periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis produces a unique class of cysteine proteinases termed gingipains that comprises Arg-gingipain (Rgp) and Lys-gingipain (Kgp). Growing evidence indicates that these 2 types of gingipains synergistically contribute to the entire virulence of the organism and increase the risk of periodontal disease (PD) by(More)
We previously described that cathepsin E specifically induces growth arrest and apoptosis in several human prostate cancer cell lines in vitro by catalyzing the proteolytic release of soluble tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) from the tumor cell surface. It also prevents tumor growth and metastasis in vivo through multiple(More)
Proteases are involved in various biological functions. Thus, inhibition of their activities is scientifically interesting and medically important. However, there is no systematic method established to date to generate endopeptidase inhibitory peptides. Here, we report a general system to identify endopeptidase inhibitory peptides based on the use of in(More)