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Attachment of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones from 3-month-old (young adult) and 24-month-old (aged) mice to the following substrates was evaluated after 6 h in culture: (1) poly-L-lysine (PL), (2) PL + type I collagen (CL-I), (3) PL + type IV collagen (CL-IV), (4) PL + laminin (LM) and (5) PL + fibronectin (FN). In the young adult mice, each substrate(More)
Flavostatin, a novel disintegrin purified from the venom of Trimeresurus flavoviridis, consists of 68 amino acids, including an Arg-Gly-Asp sequence and 12 Cys residues at positions highly conserved among disintegrins. The N-terminal sequence of flavostatin was identical to those of triflavin and flavoridin, previously reported disintegrins from the(More)
Dorsal root ganglion neurons from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic, genetic diabetic and normal mice were cultured in serum-containing media with or without nerve growth factor (NGF). The immunocytochemical analysis carried out after 1 week in culture revealed that the ratios of neurons immunoreactive to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in(More)
Dorsal root ganglia with nerve fibers, dissected from 3-month-old young adult mice and 26-month-old aged mice, were embedded in collagen gel. In the young adult mice regenerating neurites appeared from nerve-transected terminals after 12-24 h in culture, regardless of the length of fibers, but in the aged mice, regenerating neurites were first seen after(More)
Chick collapsin-1, a member of the semaphorin family, has been implicated in axonal pathfinding as a repulsive guidance cue. Collapsin-1 induces growth cone collapse via a pathway which may include CRMP-62 and heterotrimeric G proteins. CRMP-62 protein is related to UNC-33, a nematode neuronal protein required for appropriately directed axonal extension.(More)
The proliferation of neonatal Schwann cells (SCs) in response to mitogenic agents has been well analyzed in vitro, but a limited range of mitogens have been defined. We investigated whether three identified neonatal SC mitogens [glial growth factor (GGF), platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)] are required to(More)
A new technique was devised for the dynamic detection of the axoplasmic transport of beta-radioactively labeled materials in which a semiconductor radiation detector was used as the beta-ray counter. The detector element is a silicon p-n junction diode and has a diameter of 2.0 mm. With this detector, the beta-radioactive distribution of axoplasmic(More)
Dorsal root ganglia neurons from streptozotocin-induced diabetic and normal C57BL mice were cultured in serum-containing and serum-free media. The ratio of dead cells was higher in diabetic neurons than in controls in the early stages of culture. The effect of glucose concentration on survival in the culture medium was also measured for 1 week. Treatment(More)