Tomoya Ohmae

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the most frequent cause of drug-induced liver failure. C-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is thought to play a central role in APAP-induced liver injury, although its upstream activator has not yet been identified. Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase(More)
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear factor released extracellularly as a proinflammatory cytokine. We measured the HMGB1 concentration in the sera of mice with chemically induced colitis (DSS; dextran sulfate sodium salt) and found a marked increase. Inhibition of HMGB1 by neutralizing anti-HMGB1 antibody resulted in reduced inflammation in(More)
Epidemiologically, the association between chronic Helicobacter pylori infection and development of gastric cancer is well established. Although the possibility of preventing gastric cancer by eradicating H. pylori infection was recently investigated by several research groups, the results remain controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether(More)
Helicobacter pylori induces NF-kappaB activation, leading to mucosal inflammation via cag pathogenicity island. Although recent studies have implicated several candidate proteins of both H. pylori and host, the molecular mechanism by which H. pylori activates NF-kappaB remains unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze the mechanism of cag pathogenicity(More)
Inflammatory mediators such as TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IL-1 are important in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases and are regulated by the activation of NF-kappaB. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the NF-kappaB essential modulator (NEMO)-binding domain (NBD) peptide, which has been shown to block the association of NEMO with(More)
Helicobacter pylori causes various gastroduodenal diseases including gastric MALT lymphoma, but the mechanism underlying H. pylori-induced carcinogenesis is not known. The alternative pathway for NF-kappaB activation, which involves the processing of NF-kappaB2/p100 to p52, has been implicated in lymphocyte survival, attenuated apoptosis, and secondary(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The technique of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was introduced to obtain en bloc specimens of large early gastrointestinal neoplasms. The drawback of ESD is its technical difficulty and, consequently, its higher rate of complication. In this multicenter study, we investigated the therapeutic outcomes of ESD in consecutive(More)
The third-line treatment regimen for Helicobacter pylori after failure of clarithromycin- and metronidazole-based therapies is not yet established. Sitafloxacin (STX) is a quinolone that possesses potent in vitro activity against H. pylori. In this study, the susceptibility of H. pylori isolates to STX was examined and the efficacy of STX-based triple(More)
NF-kappaB is an important transcriptional factor that is involved in multiple cellular responses, such as inflammation and antiapoptosis. IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha) and IKKbeta, which are critical regulators of NF-kappaB activity, possess various mechanisms for NF-kappaB activation. This variability in NF-kappaB signaling may be associated with(More)