Tomoya Hirano

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lthough Zn 2 is contained in large amounts in the synaptic terminals of hippocampal mossy fibers (MFs), its physiological role in synaptic transmission is poorly understood. By using the newly developed high-sensitivity Zn 2 indicator ZnAF-2, the spatiotemporal dynamics of Zn 2 was monitored in rat hippocampal slices. When high-frequency stimulation was(More)
The development and cellular applications of novel fluorescent probes for Zn2+, ZnAF-1F, and ZnAF-2F are described. Fluorescein is used as a fluorophore of ZnAFs, because its excitation and emission wavelengths are in the visible range, which minimizes cell damage and autofluorescence by excitation light. N,N-Bis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine, used as an(More)
Histone modification, for example, by histone deacetylase (HDAC) and histone lysine methyltransferase (HMT), plays an important role in regulating gene expression. To obtain novel inhibitors as tools for investigating the physiological function of members of the HMT family, we designed and synthesized novel inhibitors, which are amine analogues of(More)
We report here the design and synthesis of a novel vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonist whose hydrophobic core structure is p-carborane (1,12-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane, an icosahedral carbon-containing boron cluster having remarkable thermal and chemical stability and a characteristically hydrophobic B-H surface). This carborane-based VDR ligand exhibited(More)
Although Zn2+ is contained in large amounts in the synaptic terminals of hippocampal mossy fibers (MFs), its physiological role in synaptic transmission is poorly understood. By using the newly developed high-sensitivity Zn2+ indicator ZnAF-2, the spatiotemporal dynamics of Zn2+ was monitored in rat hippocampal slices. When high-frequency stimulation was(More)
Zn(2+) plays important roles in various biological systems; as a result, the development of tools that can visualize chelatable Zn(2+) has attracted much attention recently. We report here newly synthesized fluorescent sensors for Zn(2+), ZnAF-Rs, whose excitation maximum is shifted by Zn(2+) under physiological conditions. Thus, these sensors enable(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland and peripheral tissues, and control metabolic rate, including oxygen consumption, lipid metabolism and the cardiovascular system, mainly through binding to and activating thyroid hormone receptors (TRs). Abnormal elevation or lowering of circulating thyroid hormone induces various(More)
SET7/9 is a protein lysine methyltransferase that methylates histone H3 and nonhistone proteins such as p53, TAF10 and oestrogen receptor α. In previous work, novel inhibitors of SET7/9 that are amine analogues of the coenzyme S-(5'-adenosyl)-L-methionine (AdoMet) have been developed. Here, crystal structures of SET7/9 are reported in complexes with two(More)