Tomowo Kobayashi

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Oxygen free radicals have recently been implicated as a major cause of tissue injury in critically ill patients. Glutathione (GSH) is a potent endogenous antioxidant that may be important in minimizing oxidant-induced organ damage. However, this tripeptide is depleted during severe illness. In order to determine the effect of GSH depletion on hepatic(More)
The responses of 14 lines of human lung cancer xenografts in BALB/c-nu/nu mice to eight known antitumor agents were investigated. These xenografts consisted of four small-cell carcinomas (SCLC) and ten non-small-cell carcinomas (four large cell, three squamous cell, and three adenocarcinomas; NSCLC). The doses used in the experiments were the maximum(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the antimetastatic efficacy of the combination of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin (LV), and irinotecan (CPT-11) (FOLFIRI) in an orthotopic nude mouse model of GFP-HCT-116 human colon cancer-expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP). The mice were randomly divided into four groups: Group 1: saline control; Group 2:(More)
Effects of 10 ppm nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure on the contents of prostaglandins (PGs) and thromboxane (TX) B2 in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of rats were studied. In the BAL of normal rats, the amounts of PGs and TXB2 in the whole lavage were 6-keto-PGF1 alpha (38.0 +/- 6.4 ng) greater than TXB2 (11.8 +/- 4.0 ng) greater than PGF2 alpha (5.7 +/- 1.6(More)
The effects of sepsis on skeletal muscle energetics and membrane function are poorly understood, and the time course of changes in energy metabolism are unclear. To clarify these relationships, high energy phosphate ratios, intracellular pH, and phosphocreatine breakdown rates were measured in vivo in the gastrocnemius muscle of adult male Wistar rats after(More)
Based on a pharmacokinetic model proposed by Jusko, which assumes that the cell killing action of cell cycle phase-non-specific agents occurs as a bimolecular reaction depending on drug concentration and cell density, we derived a cell kill kinetic equation for these drugs, including the decomposition constant in culture medium. This equation revealed that(More)
RS-0481, (4R)-3-benzoyl-N-[(1R)-phenylethyl]-4-thiazolidinecarboxamide, is a compound that can re-establish the function of certain lymphoid cell populations impaired by the presence of a growing tumor in an animal. The compound markedly augmented the tumorspecific cytotoxic T lymphocytes,Tdth (delayed-type hypersensitivity T cells), and the nonspecific(More)
Plasma concentration-time profiles of nimustine hydrochloride, 1-[(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl]-3-(2-chloroethyl)-3-nitrosourea hydrochloride (ACNU), in the mouse, rat, rabbit, and dog were determined by high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis. The pharmacokinetic parameters for these four animal species and previously reported clinical(More)
Purpose. A highly lipophilic antitumor agent, 13-O-palmitoyl-rhizoxin (RS-1541), was incorporated into lipid emulsions of various sizes consisting of triglyceride ODO and surfactant HCO-60. Pharmacokinetics, toxicities, and antitumor activities were evaluated after intravenous administration to mice bearing subcutaneously inoculated M5076 sarcoma cells.(More)