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Brain tumors are one of the most lethal and difficult to treat. Their treatment is limited by the inadequate delivery of antitumor drugs to the tumor. In order to overcome this limitation, the possibility of the nose-brain direct transport pathway was evaluated using methotrexate (MTX) as a model antitumor agent. The direct transport of nasal MTX to the(More)
PURPOSE The sedating effect of first generation H(1)-antihistamines has been associated with their ability to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and lack of efflux by P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Second generation H(1)-antihistamines are relatively free of sedation and their limited brain penetration has been suggested to arise from Pgp-mediated efflux. The(More)
In order to develop a new positron emission tomography (PET) probe to study hepatobiliary transport mediated by the multi-drug and toxin extrusion transporter 1 (MATE1), (11)C-labelled metformin was synthesized and then evaluated as a PET probe. [(11)C]Metformin ([(11)C]4) was synthesized in three steps, from [(11)C]methyl iodide. Evaluation by small animal(More)
We developed a pravastatin derivative, sodium (3R,5R)-3,5-dihydroxy-7-((1S,2S,6S,8S)-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-8-((1-[(11)C]-(E)-2-methyl-but-2-enoyl)oxy)-1,2,6,7,8,8a-hexahydronaphthalen-1-yl)heptanoate ([(11)C]DPV), as a positron emission tomography (PET) probe for noninvasive measurement of hepatobiliary transport, and conducted pharmacokinetic analysis in rats(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish a method for imaging the process of gastrointestinal (GI) absorption and subsequent biodistribution in the human body after oral drug administration, using positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([(18)F]FDG). First, we developed a method to deliver the radiotracer safely into the(More)
To evaluate the function of multidrug and toxin extrusion proteins (MATEs) using 11C-labeled metformin ([11C]metformin) by positron emission tomography (PET). PET was performed by intravenous bolus injection of [11C]metformin. Pyrimethamine at 0.5 and 5 mg/kg was intravenously administered to mice 30 min prior to the scan. Integration plot analysis was(More)
To develop potent drugs for oral use, information on their pharmacokinetic (PK) properties after oral administration is of great importance. We have recently reported the utility of positron emission tomography (PET) for the analysis of gastrointestinal (GI) absorption of radiolabeled compounds. In this study, PET image analysis was performed in rats using(More)
To dynamically analyze the processes of oral absorption and hepatobiliary distribution of telmisartan using positron emission tomography (PET). 11C-labeled telmisartan ([11C]TEL) was orally administered to rats with or without non-radiolabeled telmisartan (0.5, and 10 mg/kg). PET scanning of abdominal region and whole body was performed under conscious(More)
The purpose of the research is to evaluate the effect of acetazolamide (AZA), an inhibitor of the secretion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), on the direct drug transport from the nasal cavity to the CSF and the brain uptake of a model drug, 5-fluorouracil (5FU). 5FU was infused intravenously or perfused nasally in the presence and absence of intravenously(More)
In 1992, we reported a lymphocytic adenohypophysitis (LIH) (Neurol Med Chir). We considered this case unusual in that the case was that of a menopausal female and that it was accompanied with diabetes insipidus as classical lymphocytic adenohypohysitis (LAH). Subsequently, Ahmed reported two cases which presented a similar pathological manifestation, except(More)