Tomotaka Komori

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Many biological motor molecules move within cells using stepsizes predictable from their structures. Myosin VI, however, has much larger and more broadly distributed stepsizes than those predicted from its short lever arms. We explain the discrepancy by monitoring Qdots and gold nanoparticles attached to the myosin-VI motor domains using high-sensitivity(More)
Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is crucial for muscle contraction, cell growth, apoptosis, learning and memory. The trimeric intracellular cation (TRIC) channels were recently identified as cation channels balancing the SR and ER membrane potentials, and are implicated in Ca2+ signaling and homeostasis. Here(More)
Myosin V is an actin-based processive molecular motor driven by the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis. Although the chemo-mechanical coupling in processive movement has been postulated by separate structural, mechanical and biochemical studies, no experiment has been able to directly test these conclusions. Therefore the relationship between ATP-turnover(More)
The G146V mutation in actin is dominant lethal in yeast. G146V actin filaments bind cofilin only minimally, presumably because cofilin binding requires the large and small actin domains to twist with respect to one another around the hinge region containing Gly-146, and the mutation inhibits that twisting motion. A number of studies have suggested that(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) turnover drives various processive molecular motors and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) release is a principal transition in this cycle. Biochemical and single molecule mechanical studies have led to a model in which a slow ADP release step contributes to the processivity of myosin-V. To test the relationship between force(More)
Calcium-induced structural transition in the amino-terminal domain of troponin C (TnC) triggers skeletal and cardiac muscle contraction. The salient feature of this structural transition is the movement of the B and C helices, which is termed the "opening" of the N-domain. This movement exposes a hydrophobic region, allowing interaction with the regulatory(More)
Myosin VI is an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-driven dimeric molecular motor that has dual function as a vesicle transporter and a cytoskeletal anchor. Recently, it was reported that myosin VI generates three types of steps by taking either a distant binding or adjacent binding state (noncanonical hand-over-hand step pathway). The adjacent binding state, in(More)
Myosin VI is a processive myosin that has a unique stepping motion, which includes three kinds of steps: a large forward step, a small forward step and a backward step. Recently, we proposed the parallel lever arms model to explain the adjacent binding state, which is necessary for the unique motion. In this model, both lever arms are directed the same(More)
Myosin VI is an ATP driven molecular motor that normally takes forward and processive steps on actin filaments, but also on occasion stochastic backward steps. While a number of models have attempted to explain the backwards steps, none offer an acceptable mechanism for their existence. We therefore performed single molecule imaging of myosin VI and(More)
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