Tomotada Ono

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This study supplied a simple extraction method for intact soybean oil body (ISOB) and examined the heating effect on ISOB. ISOB, which just contained its intrinsic protein (oleosin), could be obtained by pH 11 extraction (50000g, 45 min). ISOB suspension was dialyzed to deionized water (1:3600) and named DISOB. DISOB aggregated at pH 5.7, but NaCl(More)
The ornithine content of an extract of the brackish-water bivalve, Corbicula japonica, increased when the bivalve was frozen. It was not influenced by the period of freezing. This phenomenon was not apparent in the scallop, little-neck clam, or hard clam. We applied various low-temperature conditions for processing the bivalve from 4 degrees C to -10(More)
Soybean glycinin groups I, IIa, and IIb were purified from soybeans composed of only glycinin groups I, IIa, and IIb, respectively. When these protein solutions were heated, the amount of the particulate protein formed in these solutions was greatest in the order of groups IIa, IIb, and I. The protein solubilities decreased upon the addition of magnesium(More)
The phytate content in soymilk is known to affect tofu curdling. A rapid measurement of phytate from a water extract of soybean (raw soymilk) in an early stage of tofu processing was investigated using mid-infrared spectroscopy (IR) with an ATR accessory. IR absorption of phytate was observed from 1200 cm-1 to 900 cm-1, and saccharide and protein in the(More)
Tofu-curd is made by the flocculation of proteins in soybean milk with an addition of calcium. The proteins consist of soluble and particle fractions. The influences of calcium and pH on the protein solubility of these fractions were investigated. The protein particles precipitated at lower calcium concentrations than that of the soluble proteins. This(More)
The effect of isoflavone on soy milk and tofu astringency was investigated, and no consistency was found between an undesirable astringent taste and isoflavone contents. Isoflavone-enriched extract (approximately 39% isoflavones) showed no astringency. Soybean foods having high amounts of isoflavones showed less astringency. About 80% of isoflavones exist(More)
The physicochemical properties of soymilk and the texture of tofu were compared with regard to 2 kinds of soymilk, one of which was prepared by squeezing homogenates before heating and the other was prepared by squeezing after heating raw soymilk with okara, residue of soymilk production. Relative particulate protein content and viscosity were higher and pH(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that frozen preparations of the brackish-water bivalve Corbicula japonica significantly increase the content of free ornithine found in its extracts. Here we report a novel ornithine-containing tripeptide commonly found in C. japonica, which is believed to be the source of increased free ornithine. The new peptide, named(More)
The localization of phytate on tofu making and its effects on tofu texture were investigated. Thirty-eight percent and 3% of phytate in soymilk were bound to soluble protein and particulate protein, respectively, and the others were in free form. In the early stage of curd formation, phytate bound to particulate proteins and then a large part of phytate was(More)
It is known that tofu quality tends to vary among soybeans even of the same variety. Cultivation environments can affect the contents of the soybeans. Twenty-seven soybean varieties were grown in a drained paddy field and an upland field, and then their protein and phytate contents were determined using the Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)(More)