Tomotada Iwamoto

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Beijing family strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have attracted worldwide attention because of their wide geographical distribution and global emergence. Peru, which has a historical relationship with East Asia, is considered to be a hotspot for Beijing family strains in South America. We aimed to unveil the genetic diversity and transmission(More)
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) with next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS) is an increasingly accessible and affordable method for genotyping hundreds of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) isolates, leading to more effective epidemiological studies involving single nucleotide variations (SNVs) in core genomic sequences based on molecular evolution. We developed(More)
One hundred and ninety-eight clinical isolates of Mycobacterium kansasii collected between 2003 and 2004 in Japan were genotyped by PCR and restriction enzyme analysis (PRA) and 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing. The results demonstrated that clinical isolates of M. kansasii in Japan are almost exclusively of the type I PRA genotype, as(More)
BACKGROUND The comparison of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterial genotypes with phenotypic, demographic, geospatial and clinical data improves our understanding of how strain lineage influences the development of drug-resistance and the spread of tuberculosis. METHODS To investigate the association of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterial genotype with(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission routes can be estimated from genotypic analysis of clinical isolates from patients. In Japan, still a middle-incidence country of TB, a unique genotype strain designated as 'M-strain' has been isolated nationwide recently. To ascertain the history of the wide spread of the strain, 10 clinical isolates from different(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease caused by a bacterial pathogen. Mortality from tuberculosis was estimated at 1.5 million deaths worldwide in 2013. Development of new TB drugs is needed to not only to shorten the medication period but also to treat multi-drug resistant and extensively drug-resistant TB. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)(More)
Numerous studies have revealed a continuous increase in the worldwide incidence and prevalence of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) diseases, especially pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) diseases. Although it is not clear why NTM diseases have been increasing, one possibility is an increase of mycobacterial infection sources in the environment.(More)
BCG, only vaccine available to prevent tuberculosis, was established in the early 20th century by prolonged passaging of a virulent clinical strain of Mycobacterium bovis. BCG Tokyo-172, originally distributed within Japan in 1924, is one of the currently used reference substrains for the vaccine. Recently, this substrain was reported to contain two(More)
The Beijing/W family is the endemic lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in East Asia: it has disseminated worldwide. To elucidate its genetic diversity in Japan, phylogenetic reconstruction was performed using 403 M. tuberculosis Beijing family clinical isolates. Variable number of tandem repeats analysis revealed the strains from Japan to be dispersed(More)
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