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Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a novel nucleic acid amplification method in which reagents react under isothermal conditions with high specificity, efficiency, and rapidity. We used LAMP for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Mycobacterium avium, and Mycobacterium intracellulare directly from sputum specimens as well as for(More)
An outbreak of group A rotavirus infection resulted in gastroenteritis among disabled adults in an isolated rehabilitation institution in Kobe, Japan. Of the 95 residents, 16 were diagnosed with rotavirus illness. The causative agent was a single strain of typical human group A rotavirus belonging to VP7 serotype G2, VP4 genotype P[4], and NSP4 genotype A.(More)
The newly proposed 15- and 24-loci mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit (MIRU)-variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) typing method was evaluated for its ability to differentiate 181 Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing family strains. Compared with the original 12-loci MIRU-VNTR typing method, the 15-loci system dramatically improved the discriminatory(More)
Our population-based study of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing family examined the frequency of occurrence of each sublineage of this family, classified by using 10 synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The results revealed the overabundance of two evolutionary sublineages in a population of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant(More)
The use of microbes to clean up polluted environments, bioremediation, is a rapidly changing and expanding area of environmental biotechnology. Although bioremediation is a promising approach to improve environmental conditions, our limited understanding of biological contribution to the effect of bioremediation and its impact on the ecosystem has been an(More)
Genotypic classification in Mycobacterium tuberculosis has greatly contributed to the comprehension of phylogenetic and population genetic relationships. It is, therefore, necessary to verify the robustness of the genetic markers for phylogenetic classification. In this study, we report some examples of homoplasy for two molecular markers, the IS6110(More)
We compared rifabutin susceptibility and rpoB mutations in 98 multi-drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB) by DNA sequencing and with a line probe assay using the commercially available INNO-LiPA Rif. TB kit (the LiPA). Our results indicated that rifabutin continues to remain active against MDR-TB strains harboring certain genetic(More)
Beijing family strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have attracted worldwide attention because of their wide geographical distribution and global emergence. Peru, which has a historical relationship with East Asia, is considered to be a hotspot for Beijing family strains in South America. We aimed to unveil the genetic diversity and transmission(More)
One hundred and ninety-eight clinical isolates of Mycobacterium kansasii collected between 2003 and 2004 in Japan were genotyped by PCR and restriction enzyme analysis (PRA) and 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing. The results demonstrated that clinical isolates of M. kansasii in Japan are almost exclusively of the type I PRA genotype, as(More)
In recent years, many novel nontuberculous mycobacterial species have been discovered through genetic analysis. Mycobacterium massiliense and M. bolletii have recently been identified as species separate from M. abscessus. However, little is known regarding their clinical and microbiological differences in Japan. We performed a molecular identification of(More)