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Recent studies have revealed that large numbers of non-coding RNAs are transcribed in humans, but only a few of them have been identified with their functions. Identification of the interaction target RNAs of the non-coding RNAs is an important step in predicting their functions. The current experimental methods to identify RNA–RNA interactions, however,(More)
The poor aqueous solubility of drug substances hampers their broader applications. This paper describes a de novo strategy to increase the aqueous solubility of drug substances using an arginine-assisted solubilization system (AASS) with alkyl gallates as model drug substances. Solubility experiments of alkyl gallates showed that arginine greatly increases(More)
Gangliosides are targets for a variety of pathologically relevant proteins, including amyloid beta (Abeta), an important component implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). To provide a structural basis for this pathogenic interaction associated with AD, we conducted NMR analyses of the Abeta interactions with gangliosides using lyso-GM1 micelles as a model(More)
Recent experimental and theoretical studies suggest that rates and pathways of protein folding are largely decided by topology of the native structures, at least for small proteins. However, some exceptions are known; for example, protein L and protein G have the same topology, but exhibit different characteristics of the TSE. Thus, folding pathways of some(More)
A novel methodology is presented for evaluating a dynamic ensemble of oligosaccharide conformations by lanthanide-assisted NMR spectroscopy combined with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results obtained using the GM3 trisaccharide demonstrated that pseudocontact shift measurements offer a valuable experimental tool for the validation of MD(More)
It is becoming increasingly clear that proteins transiently populate high-energy excited states as a necessary requirement for function. Here, we demonstrate that rational mutation based on the characteristics of the structure and dynamics of proteins obtained from pressure experiments is a new strategy for amplifying particular fluctuations in proteins. We(More)
Inherently hierarchic nature of proteins makes multiscale computational methods especially useful in the studies of folding and other functional dynamics. With the multiscale strategies, one can achieve improved accuracy and efficiency by coupling the atomistic and the coarse grained simulations. Depending on the problems studied, very different(More)
To reduce the number of replicas required in the conventional replica exchange method for huge systems, recently the replica exchange with solute tempering (REST) method was proposed. Here we showed that a variant of REST realized by rescaling the force-field parameters can be performed with GROMACS 4 without changing the code. We tested the variant REST(More)
Although protein structures are primarily encoded by their sequences, they are also critically dependent on environmental factors such as solvents and interactions with other molecules. Here we investigate how the folding-energy landscape of a short peptide is altered by interactions with another peptide, by performing atomistic replica-exchange molecular(More)
Hexameric ring-shaped AAA+ molecular motors have a key function of active translocation of a macromolecular chain through the central pore. By performing multiscale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we revealed that HslU, a AAA+ motor in a bacterial homologue of eukaryotic proteasome, translocates its substrate polypeptide via paddling mechanism during(More)