Tomonori Shiraishi

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Colletotrichum higginsianum is a fungal pathogen that infects a wide variety of cruciferous plants, causing important crop losses. We have used map-based cloning and natural variation analysis of 19 Arabidopsis ecotypes to identify a dominant resistance locus against C. higginsianum. This locus named RCH2 (for recognition of C. higginsianum) maps in an(More)
Random insertional mutagenesis using a marker DNA fragment is an effective method for identifying fungal genes relevant to morphogenesis, metabolism, and so on. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (AtMT) has long been used as a tool for the genetic modification of a wide range of plant species. Recent study has indicated that A. tumefaciens(More)
To investigate the role of iron uptake mediated by the siderophore pyoverdine in the virulence of the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 6605, three predicted pyoverdine synthesis-related genes, pvdJ, pvdL, and fpvA, were mutated. The pvdJ, pvdL, and fpvA genes encode the pyoverdine side chain peptide synthetase III L-Thr-L-Ser component, the(More)
Colletotrichum lagenarium is the causal agent of anthracnose of cucumber. This fungus produces a darkly melanized infection structure, appressoria, to penetrate the host leaves. The C. lagenarium CMK1 gene, a homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae FUS3/KSS1 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase genes, was shown to regulate conidial germination,(More)
The deduced amino acid sequences of the flagellins of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and P. syringae pv. glycinea are identical; however, their abilities to induce a hypersensitive reaction are clearly different. The reason for the difference seems to depend on the posttranslational modification of the flagellins. To investigate the role of this(More)
SigA-binding protein (SIB A) is a nuclear-encoded chloroplast-targeted protein that interacts with the plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerase σ-factor SigA (Sig1). In this study, the SIB A gene responded rapidly to salicylic acid (SA) treatment, but responded slowly to ethylene (ET) and jasmonic acid (JA) treatments as determined with microarray and(More)
To elucidate the role of harpins produced by Pseudomonas syringae, the corresponding hrpZ gene was isolated from P. s. pv. tabaci. The sequence information revealed that this gene carries a serious mutation with 326 bp lacking in the central region and potentially encodes only 140 N-terminal amino acids because of a frame shift. The investigation of(More)
Flagellin proteins derived from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 6605 and flg22Pa (QRLSTGSRINSAKDDAAGLQIA), one of the microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMP) in bacterial flagellin, induce cell death and growth inhibition in Arabidopsis thaliana. To examine the importance of aspartic acid (D) at position 43 from the N-terminus of a flagellin in its(More)
When challenged with the crucifer pathogen Colletotrichum higginsianum, Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Columbia (Col-0) was colonized by the fungus within 2 to 3 days, developing brown necrotic lesions surrounded by a yellow halo. Lesions spread from the inoculation site within 3 to 4 days, and subsequently continued to expand until they covered the entire(More)
To analyze the regulation of defense-related genes by signal molecules produced by phytopathogens, we isolated genes that encode chalcone synthase (CHS) in Pisum sativum. We have obtained seven independent genomic clones that contain at least seven classes of CHS genes, identified by the hybridization analysis to CHS cDNA and by the restriction mapping(More)