Learn More
BACKGROUND Experimental studies suggest that the interval between peak and end of T wave (Tpe) in transmural ECGs reflects transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR), which is amplified by beta-adrenergic stimulation in the LQT1 model. In 82 patients with genetically identified long-QT syndrome (LQTS) and 33 control subjects, we examined T-wave(More)
OBJECTIVES We carried out a complete screening of the SCN5A gene in 38 Japanese patients with Brugada syndrome to investigate the genotype-phenotype relationship. BACKGROUND The gene SCN5A encodes the pore-forming alpha-subunit of voltage-gated cardiac sodium (Na) channel, which plays an important role in heart excitation/contraction. Mutations of SCN5A(More)
INTRODUCTION Beta-blockers are widely used to prevent the lethal cardiac events associated with the long QT syndrome (LQTS), especially in KCNQ1-related LQTS (LQT1) patients. Some LQT1 patients, however, are refractory to this therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighteen symptomatic LQTS patients (12 families) were genetically diagnosed as having heterozygous(More)
Sarcolemmal adenosine 5′-triphosphate-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) are dramatically up-regulated by a membrane phospholipid, phosphatidyl-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). During ischaemia, L-palmitoylcarnitine (L-PC), a fatty acid metabolite, accumulates in the sarcolemma and deranges the membrane lipid environment. We therefore investigated whether(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) stimulates ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channel activity. Because phospholipase C (PLC) hydrolyzes membrane-bound PIP2, which in turn may potentially decrease K(ATP) channel activity, we investigated the effects of the alpha1-adrenoceptor-G(q)-PLC signal transduction axis on pinacidil-activated K(ATP) channel(More)
Whole-cell patch-clamp techniques were employed to examine the effects of bepridil, a Ca2+ channel blocker with Vaughan Williams class III action, on a slow component of cardiac delayed rectifier K+ current (IKs), which was reconstituted in HEK293 cells by transfecting KCNQ1 and KCNE1. Micromolar bepridil inhibited tail currents carried by KCNQ1/KCNE1(More)
This study investigated the mechanism by which verapamil, which blocks 10R1, l-type Ca2+ channel and the HERG channel, blocks ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels. In whole cell patch experiments, verapamil reversibly inhibited cardiac type K(ATP) (Kir6.2/SUR2A) channels previously activated by 100-micromol/L pinacidil. In inside-out patch experiments,(More)
Ebstein's anomaly is highly associated with atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) due to an atrioventricular accessory pathway (AP). This case report describes a case of a 30-year-old man with Ebstein's anomaly who had been suffering from recurrent palpitation caused by AVRT due to the right-sided AP. Conventional mapping technique failed to(More)
In an insulin-secreting pancreatic β-cell line (MIN6), insulin release was caused by disopyramide, an antiarrhythmic drug with Na-channel blocking action, and its main metabolite mono-isopropyl disopyramide (MIP). Insulin secretion, measured as immunoreactive insulin (IRI), was accelerated to 265.7% of the control by disopyramide and to 184.4% by MIP, with(More)