Tomonori Matsuyama

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BACKGROUND Glial cells, including microglia and astrocytes, are considered the primary source of proinflammatory cytokines in the brain. Immune insults stimulate glial cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines that modulate the acute systemic response, which includes fever, behavioral changes, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation. We(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency surgery itself induces high risk for postoperative mortality and morbidities; however, it remains unknown which concomitant pathological conditions of emergency surgeries are causative factors of deteriorating outcomes. This study examined the causal factors of postoperative mortality and morbidity in cases of emergency surgery. (More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein hormone essential for the regulation of erythroid homeostasis. Although EPO production is prominent in the kidney and liver, its production in the central nervous system has also been detected. Tissue hypoxia due to systemic or local hypoxemia and acute anemia due to blood loss occurs frequently during various clinical(More)
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), known pharmaceutically as alprostadil, has vasodilatory properties and is used widely in various clinical settings. In addition to acute vasodilatory properties, PGE1 may exert beneficial effects by altering protein expression of vascular cells. PGE1 is reported to be a potent stimulator of angiogenesis via upregulation of VEGF(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO), a regulator of red blood cell production, is endogenously expressed in the central nervous system. It is mainly produced by astrocytes under hypoxic conditions and has proven to have neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects. In the present study, we investigated the effect of midazolam on EPO expression in primary cultured astrocytes(More)
Androgen receptor is a nuclear receptor and transcription factor activated by androgenic hormones. Androgen receptor activity plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of prostate cancer. Although accumulating evidence suggests that general anesthetics, including opioids, affect cancer cell growth and impact patient prognosis, the effect of(More)
We examined the relationships between recall of dreaming during anesthesia and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We found a relationship between PONV within 24 h and age <50 years, use of postoperative epidural analgesia with morphine, and female gender. We also found a relationship between PONV lasting more than 24 h and dream recall. As serotonin(More)
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