Tomonori Isobe

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INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to ascertain whether a correlation existed between muscle pennation angle and the ability to successfully perform tractography of the lower leg muscle fibres with deterministic diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in normal volunteers. METHODS Fourteen volunteers aged 20-39 (mean 28.2 years old) were recruited. All(More)
The fractional anisotropy (FA) is calculated by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with multiple motion probing gradients (MPG). While FA has become a widely used tool to detect moderate changes in water diffusion in brain tissue, the measured value is sensitive to scan parameters (e.g. MPG-direction, signal to noise ratio, etc.). Therefore, it is(More)
BACKGROUND Choline (Cho) containing compounds are usually evaluated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) by relative ratios such as Cho/N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and Cho/creatine (Cre) ratios. To clarify the significance of Cho level in gliomas, we evaluated the quantified Cho level using MRS and compared it with the proliferation activity as(More)
Lactate is an important metabolite in clinical cases indicating the status of metabolic impairment. We applied a clinically relevant simple method for lactate quantification using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). We used two long in-phase echo time (TE=272,544 ms) to calculate T2 relaxation time and the absolute concentration of lactate. This method(More)
The evaluation of the response to radiation therapy in brain tumor patients is a major and an important issue. Although CT and MRI can measure changes in tumor size, it is difficult to use these imaging methods to evaluate the viability or the proliferation activity of a tumor. In this study, we investigated the metabolite changes in glioma patients using(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between quantitative proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and pathological changes in meningioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-two meningioma cases underwent single voxel 1H-MRS (point-resolved spectroscopy sequence, repetition time/echo time = 2,000 ms/68, 136, 272 ms). Absolute(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the relation between brain displacement, clinical signs and symptoms, and local cerebral blood flow (lCBF) in patients with chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH). METHODS Forty five patients (age range 58-87 years, mean 71.9 (SD 8.4)) with unilateral CSDH were studied. Patients were categorised into three groups: I, headache (n=16); II,(More)
OBJECT Ventriculomegaly is a common imaging finding in many types of conditions. It is difficult to determine whether it is related to true hydrocephalus or to an atrophic process by using only imaging procedures such as MR imaging after traumatic injury, stroke, or infectious disease. Diffusion tensor (DT) imaging can distinguish the compression(More)
Migration and invasion of malignant glioma play a major role in tumor progression and can be increased by low doses of gamma or X-ray irradiation, especially when the migrated tumor cells are located at a distance from the main tumor mass or postoperative cavity and are irradiated in fractions. We studied the influence of proton beam irradiation on(More)
Several studies have proposed the cell membrane as the main water diffusion restricting factor in the skeletal muscle cell. We sought to establish whether a particular form of exercise training (which is likely to affect only intracellular components) could affect water diffusion. The purpose of this study is to characterise prospectively the changes in(More)