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This study was aimed to clarify some ambiguities in the interpretation of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) of meningiomas. The cases of 31 meningioma patients (27 benign and 4 nonbenign meningiomas) that underwent single-voxel 1H-MRS (PRESS sequence, TR/TE = 2,000 ms/68, 136, 272 ms) were retrospectively analyzed. To verify the findings of(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to ascertain whether a correlation existed between muscle pennation angle and the ability to successfully perform tractography of the lower leg muscle fibres with deterministic diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in normal volunteers. METHODS Fourteen volunteers aged 20-39 (mean 28.2 years old) were recruited. All(More)
The fractional anisotropy (FA) is calculated by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with multiple motion probing gradients (MPG). While FA has become a widely used tool to detect moderate changes in water diffusion in brain tissue, the measured value is sensitive to scan parameters (e.g. MPG-direction, signal to noise ratio, etc.). Therefore, it is(More)
BACKGROUND Although proton radiotherapy is a promising new approach for cancer patients, functional interference is a concern for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of secondary neutrons induced by proton radiotherapy on ICDs. METHODS The experimental set-up simulated proton(More)
PURPOSE Radiation therapy for cancer may be required for patients with implantable cardiac devices. However, the influence of secondary neutrons or scattered irradiation from high-energy photons (≥10 MV) on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is unclear. This study was performed to examine this issue in 2 ICD models. METHODS AND MATERIALS ICDs(More)
Several studies have proposed the cell membrane as the main water diffusion restricting factor in the skeletal muscle cell. We sought to establish whether a particular form of exercise training (which is likely to affect only intracellular components) could affect water diffusion. The purpose of this study is to characterise prospectively the changes in(More)
This study was aimed to investigate the significance of absolute concentration of metabolites in glioma patients using proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) with T2 relaxation time correction using three different echo times. The absolute concentrations of metabolites in 7 normal subjects and in 23 gliomas (10 low-grade, 13 high-grade) were obtained by proton MRS(More)
BACKGROUND Choline (Cho) containing compounds are usually evaluated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) by relative ratios such as Cho/N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and Cho/creatine (Cre) ratios. To clarify the significance of Cho level in gliomas, we evaluated the quantified Cho level using MRS and compared it with the proliferation activity as(More)
A medical compact cyclotron produces about 10(15) neutrons per day along with 100 GBq of (18)F. Therefore, it is important to establish radiation safety guidelines on residual radioactivity for routine operation, maintenance work, and decommissioning. Thus, we developed a simple method for measuring the thermal neutrons in a cyclotron room. In order to(More)
Intracranial hemangioblastomas (HBs) are hypervascular neoplasms mainly located in the posterior fossa of the central nervous system. Preoperative embolization of the feeding arteries is one proposal for reduction of intraoperative hemorrhage, although indications for the procedures should be evaluated carefully due to the potential complications. This(More)