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Preimplantation development is marked by four major events: the transition of maternal transcripts to zygotic transcripts, compaction, the first lineage differentiation into inner cell mass and trophectoderm, and implantation. The scarcity of the materials of preimplantation embryos, both in size (diameter < 100 μm) and in quantity (only a few to tens of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to ascertain the correlation between preserved pelvic nerve networks and bladder function after laparoscopic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy. METHODS Between 2009 and 2011, 53 patients underwent total laparoscopic radical hysterectomies. They were categorized into groups A, B, and C based on the status of preserved(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the obstetric outcomes of our total laparoscopic radical trachelectomy (TLRT) cases for early stage cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 56 patients who underwent TLRT between December 2001 and August 2012 were reviewed retrospectively using clinicopathological, surgical, and follow-up data from patients' medical records.(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of perioperative complications and evaluate risk factors for the major complications of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) using an early ureteral identification technique. We describe the technique we standardized and used for TLH, without exclusion criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of dienogest (DNG) in preventing the occurrence of pain and endometriomas after laparoscopic resection of uterosacral ligaments (USLs) with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). STUDY DESIGN This retrospective analysis included 126 patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of USLs with DIE followed by postoperative(More)
Surgery and radiotherapy are both regarded as standard treatments for occult cervical cancers. Surgery has several theoretical advantages over radiotherapy; therefore, such cancers, especially in their early stages, are commonly treated with radical parametrectomy. However, postoperative bladder dysfunction is an important potential complication of this(More)
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