Tomonari Hirano

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Heavy-ion mutagenesis is recognised as a powerful technology to generate new mutants, especially in higher plants. Heavy-ion beams show high linear energy transfer (LET) and thus more effectively induce DNA double-strand breaks than other mutagenic techniques. Previously, we determined the most effective heavy-ion LET (LETmax: 30.0 keV μm-1) for Arabidopsis(More)
In this study we established reliable methods for conservation of seeds of Phaius tankervilleae as an orchid genetic resource. The seeds, which were dehydrated to 5% water content and preserved at 4°C, showed no decrease in viability and germinability after three months. After storage for six months, however, the seeds showed a drastic decrease in(More)
This study aimed to analyze male gamete behavior from mature pollen to pollen tube growth in the bicellular pollen species Alstroemeria aurea. For mature pollen, pollen protoplasts were examined using flow cytometry. The protoplasts showed two peaks of DNA content at 1C and 1.90C. Flow cytometry at different developmental stages of pollen tubes cultured in(More)
The behaviour and multiplication of pollen plastids have remained elusive despite their crucial involvement in cytoplasmic inheritance. Here, we present live images of plastids in pollen grains and growing tubes from transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana lines expressing stroma-localised FtsZ1–green-fluorescent protein fusion in a vegetative cell-specific manner.(More)
Organelle dynamics in the plant male gametophyte has received attention for its importance in pollen tube growth and cytoplasmic inheritance. We recently revealed the dynamic behaviors of plastids in living Arabidopsis pollen grains and tubes, using an inherent promoter-driven FtsZ1-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion. Here, we further monitored the(More)
Linear energy transfer (LET) is an important parameter to be considered in heavy-ion mutagenesis. However, in plants, no quantitative data are available on the molecular nature of the mutations induced with high-LET radiation above 101-124keVμm(-1). In this study, we irradiated dry seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana with Ar and C ions with an LET of(More)
Plant shoot organs such as stems, leaves and flowers are derived from specialized groups of stem cells organized at the shoot apical meristem (SAM). Organogenesis involves two major processes, namely cell proliferation and differentiation, whereby the former contributes to increasing the cell number and the latter involves substantial increases in cell(More)
Understanding the nutrient uptake kinetics of kelp populations will contribute to an improved understanding of environmental adaptation and the breeding of new cultivars. In this study, we examined the morphological characteristics, carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) contents, and NO3 −–N and NH4 +–N uptake kinetics of Undaria pinnatifida sporophytes cultivated at(More)
Embryogenic cell suspension cultures were established using the ovule culture of an interspecific cross, Alstroemeria pelegrina var. rosea × A. magenta. Ovules harvested 14 days after pollination were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium without plant growth regulators (PGRs); calli were produced on the hypocotyl surface in germinating zygotic(More)
Pollen tubes of Cyrtanthus mackenii, a species with bicellular pollen, were cultured in vitro to investigate nuclear phase changes during generative cell division and male germ unit (MGU) formation, using flow cytometric analysis. Results revealed that sperm cells were formed after 12 h of culture. During sperm maturation, the nuclei of sperm cells were not(More)