Tomomi Yamamoto-Fukuda

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To investigate the cell-biological effect of topically applied 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on middle ear cholesteatoma, 12 attic cholesteatomas were treated with topical application of 5-FU cream, two to five times with an interval of 2 weeks (5-FU group). The control group comprised 65 cholesteatoma that were not treated with 5-FU. All lesions were later excised(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the anatomic features of the eustachian tube (ET) between children with and without otitis media with effusion (OME) and with adults. METHODS The angle and length of the ET in children with OME (54 ears, OME children) and without OME (50 ears, normal children), as well as those of normal adults (90 ears), were measured on computed(More)
Middle-ear cholesteatoma is characterized by enhanced proliferation of epithelial cells and granular tissue formation. However, the molecular mechanism underlying these pathological changes is largely unknown. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a mesenchymal cell-derived paracrine growth factor that specifically stimulates epithelial cell proliferation. In(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of the study was to test a hypothesis that the keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a key factor in the pathologic difference between cholesteatomatous (C-COM) and noncholesteatomatous chronic otitis media (NC-COM). We compared the expression levels of KGF and its receptor (KGFR) and the proliferation activity of epithelial cells(More)
To analyse DNA strand breaks by terminal deoxy(d)-UTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) in calcified tissues including bones and teeth, it is important to decalcify the tissues first. However, the effects of decalcifying reagents on the integrity of DNA are largely unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the usefulness of various decalcifying reagents(More)
Histone acetylation is involved in the regulation of chromatin structure and gene function. We reported previously that histone H3 acetylation pattern is subject to dynamic changes and limited to certain stages of germ cell differentiation during murine spermatogenesis, suggesting a crucial role for acetylation in the process. In the present study, we(More)
Middle-ear mucosa maintains middle-ear pressure. However, the majority of surgical cases exhibit inadequate middle-ear mucosal regeneration, and mucosal transplantation is necessary in such cases. The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of transplantation of isolated mucosal cells encapsulated within synthetic self-assembling peptide(More)
Middle ear cholesteatoma is characterized by enhanced proliferation of epithelial cells with aberrant morphological characteristics. To investigate the origin of the cholesteatoma cells, we analyzed spontaneously occurring cholesteatomas associated with a new transplantation model in Mongolian gerbils (gerbils). Cholesteatomas were induced in gerbils with a(More)
Middle ear acquired cholesteatoma is a pathological condition associated with otitis media, which may be associated with temporal bone resorption, otorrhea and hearing loss, and occasionally various other complications. Cholesteatoma is characterized by the enhanced proliferation of epithelial cells with aberrant morphologic characteristics. Unfortunately,(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the effect of the tympanostomy tube (TT) on postoperative retraction of the soft posterior meatal wall caused by habitual sniffing following ear surgery, including a mastoidectomy and soft-wall reconstruction of the posterior meatal wall. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective chart review. METHODS Sixty-six ears of 64 patients(More)