Tomomi Watanabe

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Stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK) responds to a variety of stress stimuli and controls cell fates such as cell cycle entrance, apoptosis and senescence. Stimuli such as ultraviolet irradiation and chemical reagents that damage genomic DNA induce the activation of the SAPK/JNK signaling pathway. However, it is unclear how the(More)
The metameric structure of the vertebrate trunk is generated by repeated formation of somites from the unsegmented presomitic mesoderm (PSM). We report the initial characterization of nine different mutants affecting segmentation that were isolated in a large-scale mutagenesis screen in Medaka (Oryzias latipes). Four mutants were identified that show a(More)
This paper presents a novel algorithm that modifies the speech uttered by a source speaker to sound as if produced by a target speaker. In particular, we address the issue of transformation of the vocal tract characteristics from one speaker to another. The approach is based on estimating spectral envelopes using radial basis function (RBF) networks, which(More)
The plasticity of bone marrow cells (BMCs) remains controversial. The present study found that persistent injury induces efficient trans-differentiation of BMCs into functional hepatocytes. Mice with liver cirrhosis induced by carbon tetrachloride were injected with 1 x 10(5) non-treated green fluorescent protein (GFP)-positive BMCs via the tail vein. In(More)
We previously reported a new in vivo model named as "GFP/CCl(4) model" for monitoring the transdifferentiation of green fluorescent protein (GFP) positive bone marrow cell (BMC) into albumin-positive hepatocyte under the specific "niche" made by CCl(4) induced persistent liver damage, but the subpopulation which BMCs transdifferentiate into hepatocytes(More)
Mice lacking the stress-signaling kinase SEK1 die from embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5) to E12.5. Although a defect in liver formation is accompanied with the embryonic lethality of sek1(-/-) mice, the mechanism of the liver defect has remained unknown. In the present study, we first produced a monoclonal antibody specifically recognizing murine hepatoblasts for(More)
A large-scale mutagenesis screen was performed in Medaka to identify genes acting in diverse developmental processes. Mutations were identified in homozygous F3 progeny derived from ENU-treated founder males. In addition to the morphological inspection of live embryos, other approaches were used to detect abnormalities in organogenesis and in specific(More)
We report here mutations affecting various aspects of liver development and function identified by multiple assays in a systematic mutagenesis screen in Medaka. The 22 identified recessive mutations assigned to 19 complementation groups fell into five phenotypic groups. Group 1, showing defective liver morphogenesis, comprises mutations in four genes, which(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation stimulates stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK), which is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily and implicated in stress-induced apoptosis. UV also induces the activation of another MAPK member, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), which is typically involved in(More)
Apoptosis is associated with morphological changes, including membrane blebbing, cell shrinkage, and chromatin condensation. However, the molecular mechanisms of the dynamic changes in cellular components during apoptosis are largely unknown. Here we developed a new rat monoclonal antibody, 9B1, that specifically immunolabeled dying cells in tissues and in(More)