Tomomi T. Baba

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The glutamyl endopeptidase family of enzymes from staphylococci has been shown to be important virulence determinants of pathogenic family members, such as Staphylococcus aureus. Previous studies have identified the N-terminus and residues from positions 185-195 as potentially important regions that determine the activity of three members of the family.(More)
Sea urchin larvae near metamorphosis form an adult rudiment that is a complex of the juvenile structures. However, the details of the mechanisms that form the adult rudiment are unknown. The temnopleurid sea urchins Temnopleurus toreumaticus and Temnopleurus reevesii occur in Japan, but the development of their juvenile morphology has not been described. In(More)
Statins, which are known as cholesterol-lowering drugs, have several additional effects including the enhancement of bone formation and the stimulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the signal pathway of simvastatin operating in C2C12 myoblast cells. Myotube formation of C2C12 cells was efficiently blocked by 1 μM(More)
Simvastatin suppresses myoblast differentiation via inhibition of Rac GTPase, which is involved in the mevalonic acid pathway that produces cholesterol. Statins also inhibit adipogenic differentiation and receptor activator of NFκB ligand (RANKL) expression, possibly through the mevalonic acid pathway, although the involvement of that pathway and effector(More)
In the present study, we investigated the domain structure and domain-domain interactions of HtpG, an Escherichia coli homologue of eukaryotic HSP90. Limited proteolysis of recombinant HtpG, revealed three major tryptic sites, i.e. Arg7-Gly8, Arg336-Glu337 and Lys552-Leu553, of which the latter two were located at the positions equivalent to the major(More)
A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) that causes a missense mutation of highly conserved Gln488 to His of the alpha isoform of the 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90alpha) molecular chaperone is observed in Caucasians. The mutated Hsp90alpha severely reduced the growth of yeast cells. To investigate this molecular mechanism, we examined the domain-domain(More)
Wounds in fetal animals are known to heal without scar formation, but the mechanism involved remains unclear. Scar tissue is characterized by disorganized collagen bundles. The 47-kDa heat shock protein (HSP47) is a molecular chaperone that specifically targets collagen processing. However, the role of HSP47 in scar formation is poorly understood. We(More)
It is well known that excessive collagen synthesis during the wound-healing process causes scar formation. Our recent in-vivo study indicates that antisense treatment against 47-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp47), a collagen-specific molecular chaperone, relieves scar formation following skin wounds in rats [Wang et al., Plast. Reconstr. Surg., in press]. In(More)
The 47-kDa heat shock protein (HSP47) is a molecular chaperone specifically targeting the processing and quality control of collagen molecules. This study was performed to investigate whether antisense therapy preventing HSP47 expression might affect the scar formation occurring during wound healing of skin. In wound healing of neonatal rat skin, the number(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidases (DPPs) that liberate dipeptides from the N-terminal end of oligopeptides are crucial for the growth of Porphyromonas species, anaerobic asaccharolytic gram negative rods that utilize amino acids as energy sources. Porphyromonas endodontalis is a causative agent of periapical lesions with acute symptoms and Asp/Glu-specific DPP11 has(More)