Tomomi Ookawara

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The goal of this experiment was to examine contraction-mediated activation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) gene expression in rat superficial vastus lateralis (SVL, type IIb) and deep vastus lateralis (DVL, type IIa) muscles. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into exercise (E) and control (C) groups that were sacrificed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 10, 24,(More)
Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) plays a protective role against oxidative stress. On the other hand, recent studies suggest that SOD1 itself is a major target of oxidative damage and has its own pathogenicity in various neurodegenerative diseases, including familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Only human and great ape SOD1s among mammals have the(More)
The effects of endurance training on the enzyme activity, protein content, and mRNA abundance of Mn and CuZn superoxide dismutase (SOD) were studied in various phenotypes of rat skeletal muscle. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into trained (T, n = 8) and untrained (U, n = 8) groups. Training, consisting of treadmill running at 27 m/min and(More)
Our previous study indicated that erythrocyte Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) undergoes glycation and inactivation in vivo (1) and in vitro (2). The aim of the present study was to assess glycated Cu,Zn-SOD in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Glycated Cu,Zn-SOD, which binds to a boronic acid affinity column, was measured by the(More)
The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that endurance training improves the ability of the diaphragm muscle to resist exercise-induced oxidative stress. Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were assigned to either untrained or trained groups. Trained rats were treadmill-trained for 9 wk. Each group was subdivided into acutely exercised or(More)
Modification of cell surface oligosaccharides by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the biological effect of such modifications on cell adhesion were investigated. Treatment of HL60, a human promyelocyte leukemia cell line, with ROS, generated by a combination of hypoxanthine and xanthine oxidase (HX/XO), decreased the sialic acid content on the cell(More)
Many studies have shown that lifelong dietary restriction (DR) can retard aging processes. Very few reports, however, are found that examined the effect of late onset DR on biochemical parameters in aging animals [Goto, S., Takahashi, R., Araki, S., Nakamoto, H., 2002b. Dietary restriction initiated in late adulthood can reverse age-related alterations of(More)
Exercise dramatically increases oxygen consumption and causes oxidative stress. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is important in the first-line defence mechanisms against oxidative stress. To investigate the effect of acute exercise on the expression of SOD, we examined the expression of mRNA for three SOD isozymes, in mice run on a treadmill to exhaustion. Six(More)
Histochemical examination of mouse tissues showed nuclear staining of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), and the nuclear translocation of EC-SOD was also confirmed in cultured cells that had been transfected with its gene, as shown by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The EC-SOD which was secreted into the medium was incorporated(More)
Behavioral functions of Wistar and Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, Wilson's disease animal model, were compared by measuring the open-field, acoustic startle reflex and prepulse inhibition (PPI), and shuttle-box avoidance learning tests with or without oral supplementation with copper or D-penicillamine, copper chelator. All of the LEC rats, irrespective of(More)