Tomomi Izumikawa

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Chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans are present on the surfaces of virtually all cells and in the extracellular matrix and are required for cytokinesis at early developmental stages. Studies have shown that heparan sulfate (HS) is essential for maintaining mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) that are primed for differentiation, whereas the function of CS(More)
CS (chondroitin sulfate) is a glycosaminoglycan species that is widely distributed in the extracellular matrix. To understand the physiological roles of enzymes involved in CS synthesis, we produced CSGalNAcT1 (CS N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1)-null mice. CS production was reduced by approximately half in CSGalNAcT1-null mice, and the amount of(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that sog9 cells, a murine L cell mutant, are deficient in the expression of C4ST (chondroitin 4-O-sulfotransferase)-1 and that they synthesize fewer and shorter CS (chondroitin sulfate) chains. These results suggested that C4ST-1 regulates not only 4-O-sulfation of CS, but also the length and amount of CS chains; however, the(More)
HNK-1 (human natural killer-1) carbohydrate epitope (HSO(3)-3GlcAβ1-3Galβ1-4GlcNAc-) recognized by a HNK-1 monoclonal antibody is highly expressed in the nervous system and biosynthesized by a glucuronyltransferase (GlcAT-P or GlcAT-S), and sulfotransferase (HNK-1ST). A similar oligosaccharide (HSO(3)-3GlcAβ1-3Galβ1-3Galβ1-4Xyl) also recognized by the HNK-1(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are a constituent of the matrix of the central nervous system (CNS), likely participating as regulatory molecules in the process of demyelination, remyelination, axonal degeneration and regeneration in the CNS. ChGn-1 is a key enzyme for production of CSPGs and knock-out mice of this gene showed better recovery from(More)
Human natural killer-1 (HNK-1) carbohydrate (HSO3-3GlcAβ1-3Galβ1-4GlcNAc-R) is highly expressed in the brain and required for learning and neural plasticity. We previously demonstrated that expression of the HNK-1 epitope is mostly abolished in knockout mice for GlcAT-P (B3gat1), a major glucuronyltransferase required for HNK-1 biosynthesis, but remained in(More)
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